1. To Invest for Dividends
  2. Residual Dividend Policy vs. Smooth Dividend Policy
  3. Cash Dividends vs. Repurchasing Shares

To Invest for Dividends

If you’d prefer to add dividend-paying stocks to your portfolio, obtaining started is as easy as a gap in a business relationship online if you don’t have already got one. From there, you’ll be able to analyze individual stocks to determine:

  • Which sort of dividend policy the corporate follows
  • How abundant they generally pay in dividends
  • When those dividend payments square measure created

You can then decide which firms to speculate in, and supported your own dividend goals. If you would like current financial gain, as an example, then you would possibly wish to lean toward firms that pay stable dividends. Otherwise, you might want to settle on an organization that enables you to mechanically reinvest dividends into further shares therefore you’ll be able to grow your position while not further owed money.

When scrutiny firms, don’t focus only on the dividend yield. Also, taking into account however property the dividends are seemingly to be over time. A high dividend is dishonest

if an organization is just giving it to draw in new investors in a trial to unravel income issues. Therefore taking a better consider the basics, like P/E ratio (P/E), earnings per share (EPS), and debt to equity.

Residual Dividend Policy vs. Smooth Dividend Policy

The graph below shows the dividends paid out by 2 firms over a 10-year amount. the businesses show identical earnings and investments however follow different dividend policies.

The company following a sleek dividend policy pays out $110 million as dividend payments annually of the 10-year amount. The corporate following a residual dividend policy makes varied dividend payments over a constant amount of your time. In 2015, it paid out solely $50 million in dividend payments, whereas, in 2016 it paid out $170 million in dividends.

It ought to even be noted that, in 2009, the corporate following a sleek dividend policy spent $20 million on investments and $110 million on dividend payments despite solely news a net profit of $100 million. The extra $30 million in dividend payments should are supported either through past earnings of the business or through short-run borrowing from a bank. This is often in line with empirical proof that means that companies tend to like a sleek dividend pay-out profile and use monetary establishments to finance such dividends once necessary.

In theory, a residual dividend policy is a lot of economical than a sleek dividend policy. If for any purpose in time a business will realize no more profitable investments, then they must come to any spare money out there to the shareholders so that the shareholders could use the money to speculate on alternative comes that they believe are profitable.

Thus, a residual dividend policy ensures that money is expeditiously distributed toward profitable investments. Underneath a sleek dividend policy, the management of a business could invest spare money into unprofitable or unnecessarily risky comes solely as a result of funds out there.

Cash Dividends vs. Repurchasing Shares

The principle for repurchasing shares versus money dividends is as follows:

Possible Tax blessings

When the tax rates on dividend financial gain are on top of those on capital gains, individuals like share repurchases over money dividends as share repurchase features an advantage.

Support for the Stock value

When an organization buys back its shares, it sends a symptom to the market that its stock could be a smart investment. Such a sign is very important once there’s uneven info gift within the market. The corporate uses this usually once its share value is on a declining spree, and it desires to signal a positive future outlook to the investors.


Share repurchases provide a heap of flexibility to the corporate regarding dividend choices. There’s no would like for the corporate to arrange to share repurchases for the long run. Hence, it will use this to supplement regular dividends to implement the residual dividend policy. Moreover, the share repurchases are market-timed for the most effective results.

Offsetting Dilution

Employee stock choices usually dilute the EPS of the corporate once exercised. Share repurchases scale back this dilution.

Financial Leverage

Share repurchases increase the leverage of the corporate. The company’s management will amend the company’s capital structure by reducing the proportion of equity.

A dividend policy is vital to consider the valuation of the corporate. Moreover, the signals understood by the investors from the assorted changes within the dividend payments conjointly affect the company’s stock value. The analyst needs to grasp the impact of assorted dividend policies and therefore the share repurchases on the stock and its valuation.