1. Summary
  2. Demat
  3. Process of Demat Account
  4. The Dematerialization method
  5. Types of Demat accounts


In the initial days of the stock exchange, shares were a command in an exceedingly physical kind using share certificates. However, it created the whole method of share commerce cumbersome and tough to hold out at short notice. There have been additional problems with share certificates being fakes or cast. Certificates were additionally typically lost or physically broken. To eliminate these limitations and issues related to physical shares, the National Securities repository restricted (NSDL) was established within the year 1996. NSDL brought within the thought of Demat accounts, which may well be wont to electronically store shares and securities of corporations. If you own physical shares, you wish to convert them to electronic records before having the ability to use a Demat account. This method of conversion is what’s ordinarily referred to as dematerialization.


Earlier, shares and securities were issued to investors in physical kind (like certificates, etc.). Physical possession of certificates had many risks – like the worry of larceny, management drawback for people UN agency wont to invest in any shares or securities at many times, or wear and tear of these certificates (If you lose any certificate, you lose your valuable investment return!). Then dematerialized account (in short Demat account) was fancied to scale back those risks. During this account, all variety of shares and securities are being kept in dematerialized / digital kind (meaning material kind is regenerated to digital form).

Operating a Demat account is as easy as operating a web checking account. Once gap a Demat account, you may be quoted a Demat account range. You may use this account range to all or any variety of electronic settlements of interchange shares or alternative securities.

Process of Demat Account

Buying of stocks within the share market may be done solely through a commerce account. Meanwhile, a Demat account is employed to carry the shares bought through the commerce account. Therefore, to understand the complete potential of a Demat account, it’s imperative to link it with a commerce account. The subsequent method can show you specifically, however, a Demat account works.

  • When you place an order, say a ‘buy’ order, on your commerce platform, a ‘buy’ request is forwarded by your repository participant to the stock market.
  • The stock market then matches your ‘buy’ request with the ‘sell’ request and sends an order to the clearance homes.
  • The clearance homes then settle the trade by debiting the precise range of shares from the seller’s Demat account and crediting it to your account at the shut of the share market.

The Dematerialization method

The process of dematerialization is straightforward and needs little effort from your half. By following the steps below, you’ll be able to simply convert your physical shares into electronic kind.

  • Firstly, you’re needed to open a Demat account with a depository participant (DP) like IIFL. A repository participant is an entity that acts as a negotiant between you and also the repository (either NSDL or CDSL).
  • Once your Demat account is active, you wish to send a punctually stuffed Demat Request kind (DRF) in conjunction with your physical share certificates to your repository participant.
  • Your repository participant can then method your request by causing your share certificates back to the corporate.
  • In addition to the present, your DP also will send an invitation to the company’s appointed Registrar and Share agency (RTA) via the repository.
  • Upon approval of the request, the share certificates are destroyed by the corporate and a dematerialization confirmation is shipped to the repository.
  • The repository relays the dematerialization confirmation to your repository participant and after credits your Demat account with the relevant range of shares.

Types of Demat accounts

In India, there are primarily 3 styles of Demat accounts offered by depository participants. Counting on your residential standing, you’ll be able to select the proper quiet account for your share commerce and investment functions. The different styles of Demat accounts are explained below:

  • Regular Demat accounts: These are dematerialized accounts for residents of India. If you’re an Indian country resident primarily handling equity commerce and investment, you’ll notice the regular Demat account ideal.
  • Repatriable Demat accounts: This is one in all the 2 styles of Demat accounts out there for non-resident Indians. As its name signifies, a repatriable account permits you to transfer your funds abroad if you’re NRI. You wish to link this account with a Non-resident External (NRE) checking account to relish the homecoming of your funds.
  • Non-repatriable Demat accounts: If you’re a non-resident Indian, you’ll be able to additionally opt to open a non-repatriable account. This kind of account doesn’t permit you to transfer funds abroad. It must be coupled to a Non-resident standard (NRO) checking account.