1. Sovereign Credit Rating 
  2. Determinants of Sovereign Credit Rating  
  3. Advantages and Disadvantages of Credit Rating

Sovereign Credit Rating 

A Sovereign credit standing is an assessment of a country’s creditworthiness. It shows the position of threat associated with lending to a particular country since it’s applied to all bonds issued by the government. 

When assessing the creditworthiness of a country, credit standing agencies consider colorful factors similar to the political terrain, profitable status, and creditworthiness to assign an applicable credit standing. carrying a good credit standing is important for a country that wants to pierce backing for development systems in the transnational bond request. Also, countries with good credit standing can attract foreign direct investments. The three influential standing agencies include Moody’s Services, Fitch Rating, and Standard & Poor’s. Although there are other lower credit standing agencies, the three agencies ply the loftiest influence over request decision-makers.  

Determinants of Sovereign Credit Rating  

Credit standing agencies use both qualitative and quantitative ways to determine the Sovereign credit standing of a country. A 1996 paper published by Richard Cantor and Frank Packer named “Determinants and Impacts of Sovereign Credit Rating” outlined colorful factors that explain the difference in credit Rating assigned by the colorful standing agencies. The factors include  

Per capita income 

Per capita income estimates the income earned per person in a specific area. It’s calculated by taking the total income earned by individualities in a given area divided by the number of people abiding in that area. A high per capita income increases the implicit duty base of the government, which latterly increases the government’s capability to repay its debts.  

GDP growth  

The GDP growth rate of a country refers to the chance growth in the GDP of a country from one quarter to another as frugality navigates a business cycle. Strong GDP growth means that a country will be suitable to meet its debt scores since the growth in GDP results in advanced duty earnings for the government. still, if the growth rate is negative, it means that frugality is passing a compression, and the country may fail to recognize its debt obligation if the situation continues. 

Rate of affectation  

Sovereign debts are susceptible to changes in the rate of affectation, and an increase in affectation will affect a country’s capability to finance its debt. A high affectation rate points to structural problems in a country’s finances, and it’s likely to beget political insecurity as the public becomes displeased with the added affectation. 

External debt  

Some countries calculate heavily on external debts to finance their development and structure systems. adding debt situations restate an advanced threat of dereliction, which may affect its capability to pierce backing from transnational lenders. This burden increases if the foreign currency debts exceed the foreign currency income earned by a country in the form of exports. 

Profitable development

Credit standing agencies consider the position of development when determining the Sovereign credit standing of a country. generally, once a country has reached a certain position of development or per capita income, it’s considered less likely to overpass on its debt scores. For 

illustration, economically advanced nations are considered less likely to overpass compared to developing countries. 

History of defaults  

A country that defaulted on its debt scores in history is considered to have a high Sovereign credit threat by standing agencies. It means that countries with a record of defaults admit low Ratings, making them less seductive to investors looking for low-threat investments.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Credit Rating

According to The Economic Times, “Credit standing is an analysis of the credit 

threat associated with a fiscal instrument or a fiscal reality.” It’s fully grounded on the credential as well as the financial status of the reality done in terms of lending and borrowing. In America, TransUnion, Experian, and Equifax are the three major credit reporting agencies. Credit standing can’t be a static number rather it remains dynamic and grounded on new information which is handed by financial institutions. However, the information gets encouraged to credit reporting agencies, if anyone misses a payment and also tries to apply for new credit at that point. One can have high as well as low credit scores grounded on their former payment history. There are different credit standing scales from (AAA- D) to represent the threat and company’s creditworthiness. For illustration, AAA refers to the smallest or no credible threat. AA denotes a veritably good credit standing, A refers to low credit threat, BBB refers to average credit threat, B is high credit threat or low credit standing, C denotes veritably poor credit standing and D is considered as Defaulted. The company’s unborn eventuality should be grounded on current performances, profit-making systems, and the capability to pay the debt.