1. Summary
  2. Privatization of public sector banks in India
  3. Reason for privatization
  4. Conclusion


The privatization of PSBs has been a subject of discussion for a protracted time because of the gradual decline of the economy and therefore the increasing debt of the PSBs. The driving issue behind the nationalization of banks was the priority towards failures of banks, responsibleness, and therefore the stability of the banking sector in India. Let’s see the impact of the privatization of public sector banks in India

Privatization of public sector banks in India

The Government of Asian nation has shortlisted four mid-sized banks of the country for privatization, aforesaid a report by press agency Reuters quoting sources. The choice has been taken in an exceedingly bid to sell state assets and sustain government revenues, it added. The govt. needs to try to large-scale privatization within the banking sector. Currently, the govt. features a giant stake in the banking sector that employs thousands of employees.

Among the four banks shortlisted by the govt., the names of Bank of geographic region, Bank of India, Indian Overseas Bank, and financial organization of India there. The matter has not been created public however and it’s solely being speculated.

According to sources, the privatization of 2 out of 4 banks will happen within the year 2021-22, which can begin in April. The government will take steps before tiny banks because it can provide a thought concerning the approach forward. Sources conjointly aforesaid that within the returning years, the method of commerce to massive banks may also begin. However, the govt. can still hold its giant stake within the banking concern as a result of several government schemes are RBI through it in rural areas of the country.

According to the foundations, a bank whose over 500 of the shares are closely held by the govt., is declared a government bank. Except for this, approval has got to be taken from RBI and alternative regulators. Over 50% stake in camera bank isn’t controlled by the govt. however with some establishment or company. These shares are closely held by individuals similar to a corporation.

Public sector banks are divided into 2 classes – Nationalized Bank and banking concern and its affiliates. Nationalized banks have government management over banking units and functioning. The speed of interest given by the government and personal banks on the money deposited within the bank is nearly equal. However, new banks like Bandhan Bank, Airtel Bank provide a marginally higher rate of interest than alternative banks.

Reason for privatization

There are varied reasons behind the privatization explanation with the declining economy being the first and therefore the most significant reason. The Indian economy has been severely hit by the continuing pandemic because of that the govt. has taken such daring steps of withdrawal. The rising terrorist group drawback has conjointly become a driving issue for the privatization drive. The largest contributor of terrorist groups is the PSBs because of their state schemes and loan waivers etc. the govt., through the privatization of PSBs seeks to minimize the terrorist group issue and ease the burden on the PSBs.

Further, there’s a problem of twin management, i.e. the twin management of PSBs by the Ministry of Finance through the Banking Regulation Act, 1949 and therefore the run Act, 1934. The RBI, in contrast to non-public banks, doesn’t have autonomy within the governance of PSBs as there’s a relentless intervention of the govt. that tends to alter the traditional functioning of the PSBs. The privatization of PSBs has stirred an enormous discussion across the state with an economic and political analysis of the choice. this text seeks to gift each the negative and therefore the positive impacts of privatization on the Indian economy.


The banking sector in India is one of every of the most important contributors to the expansion of the economy and is evolving at a gradual pace. However, the banking sector, particularly the PSBs has had an enormous impact on a decline within the economy because of the continuing pandemic. To amplify the expansion of the economy and therefore the sector, the choice of the govt. to privatize the PSBs can persuade be a structural modification within the banking sector by gaping it to personal players, increasing capital influx and foreign investment which can become a boon to the emergence of the new age for banking sector eventually leading to the economic resilience of the country. Privatizing the PSBs can pump the competition within the market and lead the debt-ridden PSBs towards a gradual path of growth.