Contents

  1. Summary
  2. Types of annuities
    2.1 Fixed vs Variable Annuities
    2.2 Deffered vs Immediate Annuities
    2.3 Lifetime vs Fixed Period Annuities
    2.4 Qualified Annuity and Non-qualified annuity
    2.5 Single Premium Annuity and Flexible premium Annuity

Summary

Annuities are monetary instruments that earn interest and supply a secured stream of payments over a present quantity of your time. An annuity is commonly accustomed to fund retirement and may be available in a spread of varieties that align with totally different monetary goals and risk tolerance.

Types of annuities

Fixed vs. Variable Annuities

In a fastened annuity, the underwriter guarantees the principal and a minimum rate of interest. In different words, as long as the underwriter is financially sound, the cash you have got in an exceedingly fastened annuity can grow and cannot come by price. The expansion of the annuity price and/or the advantages paid could also be fastened at a greenback quantity or by a charge per unit, or they’ll grow by a specified formula. Some fastened annuities credit the next charge per unit than the minimum, via a policy dividend which will be declared by the company’s board of administrators, if the company’s actual investment, expense, and mortality expertise is a lot of favourable than was expected. Fastened annuities are regulated by state insurance departments.

Money in an exceedingly variable annuity is endowed in an exceedingly fund like an investment trust however one open solely to investors within the insurance company’s variable life assurance and variable annuities. The fund encompasses an explicit investment objective, and therefore the price of your cash in an exceedingly variable annuity and the quantity of cash to be paid intent on you is determined by the investment performance (net of expenses) of that fund. Most variable annuities are structured to supply investors with many various fund alternatives. Variable annuities are regulated by state insurance departments and therefore the federal Securities and Exchange Commission.

Deferred vs Immediate Annuities

A delayed annuity receives premiums and investment changes for pay-out at a later time. The pay-out may be a long time; delayed annuities for retirement will stay within the delayed stage for many years.

An immediate annuity is intended to pay financial gain for one time period once the immediate annuity is bought. The period depends on however typically the financial gain is to be paid.

Lifetime vs. Fixed Period Annuities

A fixed period annuity pays financial gain for a specified amount of your time, like 10 years. the quantity that’s paid doesn’t depend upon the age (or continued life) of the one that buys the annuity; the payments rely instead on the quantity paid into the annuity, the length of the pay-out amount, (if it’s a hard and fast annuity) an charge per unit that the underwriter believes it will support for the length of the pay-out amount.

A lifetime annuity provides financial gain for the remaining lifetime of an individual (called the “annuitant”). A variation of lifespan annuities continues financial gain till the second of 2 annuitants dies. A no different form of monetary product will promise to try and do this. the quantity that’s paid depends on the age of the receiver (or ages, if it’s a two-life annuity), the quantity paid into the annuity, (if it’s a hard and fast annuity) an charge per unit that the underwriter believes it will support for the length of the expected pay-out amount.

Qualified Annuity and Non-qualified Annuity

A qualified annuity is one accustomed invest and paying out cash in an exceedingly tax-favored retirement savings account, like IRA or retirement plan or plans ruled by revenue Code sections, 401(k), 403(b), or 457. Beneath the terms of the arrangement, cash paid into the annuity (called “premiums” or “contributions”) isn’t enclosed in subject financial gain for the year within which it’s paid in. All different tax provisions that apply to nonqualified annuities additionally apply to qualified annuities.

A non-qualified annuity is one purchased severally from, or “outside of,” a tax-favored retirement savings account. Investment earnings of all annuities, qualified and non-qualified, are tax-deferred when they’re withdrawn non-qualified annuity is treated as subject financial gain.

Single Premium Annuity and Flexible Premium Annuity

A single premium annuity is an annuity funded by one payment. The payment may be endowed for growth for a protracted amount of time a single premium delayed annuity or endowed for a brief time, once that pay-out begins a single premium immediate annuity. Single premiums are typically funded by rollovers or from the sale of an appreciated plus.

A flexible premium annuity that’s supposed to be funded by a series of payments. Flexible premium annuities are solely delayed annuities; that’s, they’re designed to own a big amount of payments into the annuity and investment growth before any cash is withdrawn from them.