1. Summary

2. Moneyness

3. Breaking Down Moneyness 

4. Illustration of Moneyness 


In-the-money, at-the-money, and out-of-the-money are generally used terms that relate to an option’s moneyness, and sapience into the natural value of these derivative contracts.  This composition covers the introductory generalities of moneyness, which also bears on option valuation and trading. 

  • Moneyness describes the natural value of an option’s decoration in the request.
  • At-the-money (ATM) options have a strike price exactly equal to the current price of the beginning asset or stock. 
  • Out-of-the-money (OTM) options have no natural value, only” time value”, and do when a call’s strike is more advanced than the current request, or a put’s strike is lower than the request. 
  • In-the-money (ITM) options have natural value, meaning you can exercise the option incontinently for a profit occasion- i.e. if a call’s strike is below the current request price or a put’s strike is advanced. 


Moneyness is a description of a secondary relating its strike price to the price of its beginning asset. Moneyness describes the natural value of an option in its current state. The term moneyness is most generally used with put and call options and is an index as to whether the option would make money if it were exercised incontinently. Moneyness can be measured concerning the underpinning stock or other asset’s current/ spot price or its unborn price. 

Breaking Down Moneyness 

Moneyness tells option holders whether exercising will lead to a profit. There are numerous forms of moneyness, including in, out, or at the money. Moneyness looks at the value of an option if you were to exercise it right down. A loss would signify the option is out of the money, while a gain would mean it’s in the money. The money means that you’ll break indeed upon exercising the option. 

In- the- money Options 

Let’s see how moneyness plays out. For illustration, let’s say it’s September and Pat are long (i.e. she owns) a December 400 call option for ABC Corp. The option has a current decoration of 28 and ABC is presently trading at 420. The natural value of the option would be 20 (request price of 420- strike price of 400 = 20). thus, the option decoration of 28 is comprised of $ 20 of natural value and $ 8 of time value (option decoration of 28- the natural value of 20 = 8).  Pat’s option is” in- the- money”. An in-the-money (ITM) option is an option that has some natural value. A call option, it’s an option with a strike price below the current request price. It would make the most fiscal sense for Pat to vend her call option, as she’d admit $8 further per share than by taking delivery and dealing the shares in the open request. For a put option, which gives the holder the right to vend shares at a set price, the natural value would live if the strike price is advanced than the requested price, allowing you to vend the shares for further than they’re worth and buy them back lower. 

Out- of- the- money Options 

Returning to our illustration, if Pat was rather long a December 400 ABC put option with a current decoration of 5, and if ABC had a current request price of 420, she’d not have any natural value (the entire decoration would be considered time value), and the option would be out of the money (OTM). An eschewal-of-the-money put option is an option with a strike price that’s lower than the current request price.  The natural value of a put option is determined by abating the request value from the strike price (strike price of 400- request value of 420 = -20). Intimately, it looks as if the natural value is negative, but in this script, the natural value can noway be lower than zero. 

Illustration of Moneyness  still, a call or put option with a strike price of $50 would be at the money, If the current price of XYZ stock is $50. Exercising the option would affect a breakeven for the investor. A put with a strike price of $75 would be in the money because it would allow the holder of the put to vend the stock for an advanced price than it’s presently trading. On the other hand, a call with a strike price of $75 would be out of the money because there’s no reason the holder of a call would want the occasion to buy XYZ stock for $75 when they could get it on the open request for $50.