1. Summary
  2. Credit risk audit
  3. Credit Risk Governance
  4. Credit Risk Management Process


Credit risk has continually been thought about as a key risk for monetary services organizations and, for a decent range of organizations, perhaps the foremost important risk. once the worldwide monetary crisis, regulators and supervisors targeted this risk, accenting the need of getting correct models which will live the capital impact of credit activities, the danger of leveraged finance, and therefore the nice importance of counterparty risk. 

Credit risk audit

“Auditing Credit Risk Management” provides internal auditors with a baseline talent set, facultative them to check judge models which will live the capital impact of an organization’s credit activities, the danger of leveraged finance, and therefore the magnitude of counterparty risk, among different skills.

Credit Risk Governance

All monetary services organizations ought to have an outlined credit risk management framework. The board is chargeable for observance of the credit risk management framework and therefore the governance structures that surround that framework.

Standard 2120 – Risk Management states, “The internal audit activity should judge the effectiveness and contribute to the advance of risk management processes.” therefore it’s vital for internal auditors to know the governance structures and processes related to credit risk management. Credit risk strategy or methods, policies, and processes ought to be reviewed by the board annually at a minimum. In larger organizations, the credit policies could also be tailored for various regions and/or client varieties.

Credit Risk Management Process

  • Credit granting method: The granting criteria comprise trustworthiness measures. The factors ought to be outlined within the credit policy and embody the target market, understanding of the receiver and counterparty, purpose and structure of the credit, and supply of compensation. The receiver should be classified as having the ability to repay the loan. The supply of compensation ought to focus primarily on the money flows of the receiver instead of the collateral. The collateral used or pledged as a guarantee of the individual failing to repay the credit should be of a nature and worth per the borrower’s request for funds. This method, mentioned as underwriting, entails the organization’s ability to work out the borrower’s trustworthiness. Inquiries to facilitate confirm this vary betting on distinctive circumstances and should embody inquiries like, “Is it an advert credit within which machines are purchased to come up with some quite return? Or is that this a private loan to shop for a car?” every situation can have completely different underwriting needs. Loans could also be secured by any range of choices securities, property, cash control in the account, etc. The granting method ought to embody additionally to approving new credits, the modification, renewal, and refinancing of existing credits. All extensions of credit should be created on an arm’s length basis. Particularly, credits to connected corporations people should be licensed on an exception basis monitored with specific care and different applicable steps taken to manage or mitigate the risks of non-arm’s length disposition. “Exception to policy” loans ought to applicable approval method in situ, and differentiated observance to assess performance. Approval will be obtained at a private credit manager, credit committee, or board credit committee level betting on the quantity concerned. Once auditing monetary statements, external auditors typically examine samples of these kinds of loans.
  • Loan File Maintenance and Review method: Once a credit is granted, it’s the responsibility of the business unit, typically in conjunction with a credit administration support team, to make sure that the credit is correctly maintained. This includes substantiating that each one needed documentation for the loan file is correctly preserved at underwriting and approval, keeping the credit file up thus far, getting current monetary info, causation renewal notices, and making ready numerous documents like loan agreements.
  • Credit coupling method: Coupling loans will take several forms; but, aggregating borrowers’ payments and applying them to the contract’s accounts is that the main focus. For several kinds of loans, the coupling will embody paying taxes, insurance, or different fees for the receiver and making written agreement accounts to carry the cash till it’s needed.
  • Collections method: Conjointly referred to as recovery, this is often a key part of credit risk management and entails a major degree of specialization. Recovery includes activities meshed toward reducing the results of loss events, before such events occur (arrears management or early non-payment management) and conjointly once such events occur. Thus, in its preventive management part, recovery management is connected with previous observance processes, to anticipate the default event and with it take the foremost applicable corrective measures for every state of affairs. Collections personnel ought to anticipate the deterioration/arrears to determine methods or measures to avoid non-payment.
  • Credit Risk measuring and observance Processes: Once a loan is approved and therefore the risk is enclosed within the portfolio, an endless observance method of risks assumed is needed. Monetary organizations should anticipate things within which risk levels could also be enlarged and corrective measures and actions may need to be taken. BCBS encourages banks to “develop and utilize an interior risk scoring system in managing credit risk. The scoring system ought to be per the character, size, and quality of a bank’s activities

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Banking Professional with 16 Years of Experience. The idea to start this Blogging Site is to Create Awareness about the Banking and Financial Services.

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