1. Bid- Ask Spread
  2. Elements of the Bid- Ask Spread 
  3. Types of Orders 
  4. Conclusion

Bid- Ask Spread

A Bid-ask spread is the amount by which the asking price exceeds the Bid price for an asset in the request. The Bid-ask spread is the difference between the loftiest price that a buyer is willing to pay for an asset and the smallest price that a dealer is willing to accept.  An individual looking to vend will admit the Bid price while one looking to buy will pay the asking price. 

  • A Bid-ask spread is the difference between the loftiest price that a buyer is willing to pay for an asset and the smallest price that a dealer is willing to accept. 
  • The spread is the sale cost. Price takers buy at the asking price and vend at the Bid price, but the request maker buys at the Bid price and sells at the asking price. 
  • The Bid represents demand and the ask represents a force for an asset. 
  • The Bid-ask spread is the de facto measure of request liquidity. 

Elements of the Bid- Ask Spread 

Bid-ask spread trades can be done in utmost kinds of securities, as well as foreign exchange and goods.  Dealers use the Bid-ask spread as an index of request liquidity. High disunion between the force and demand for that security will produce a wider spread.  utmost dealers prefer to use limit orders rather than request orders; this allows them to choose their entry points rather than accepting the current request price. There’s a cost involved with the Bid-ask spread, as two trades are being conducted contemporaneously. 

Types of Orders 

An existent can place five types of orders with a specialist or request maker

1. Request Order – A request order can be filled at the request or prevailing price. By using the illustration over, if the buyer were to place an order to buy 1,500 shares, the buyer would admit 1,500 shares at the asking price of $10.25. still, 000 shares, the buyer would get 1, If they placed a request order for 2.25 and 500 shares at the coming stylish offer price, which might be more advanced than $10.25.

 2. Limit Order – An individual place a limit order to vend or buy a certain amount of stock at a given price or better. Using the below spread illustration, an individual might place a limit order to vend 1,000 shares at $ 10. Upon placing such an order, the existent would incontinently vend 1,000 shares at the being offer of $ 10. also, they might have to stay until another buyer comes along and flings$ 10 or better to fill the balance of the order. Again, the balance of the stock won’t be vented unless the shares trade at $ 10 or above. However, the dealer might no way be suitable to discharge the stock, If the stock stays below $ 10 a share. The crucial point an investor using limit orders must keep in mind is that if they’re trying to buy, also the asking price, not simply the Bid price, must fall to the position of their limit order price, or below, for the order to be filled. 

3. Day Order – A day order is good only for that trading day. However, the order is cancelled, if it isn’t filled that day.

4. Fill or Kill (FOK) – An FOK order must be filled incontinently and, in its wholeness, or not at all. For illustration, if a person were to put in a FOK order to vend 1,000 shares at$ 10, a buyer would take in all 2,000 shares at that price incontinently or refuse the order, in which case it would be cancelled.

5. Stop Order – A stop order goes to work when the stock passes a certain position. For illustration, suppose an investor wants to vend 1,000 shares of XYZ stock if it trades down to $ 9. In this case, the investor might place a stop order at $ 9 so that, when the stock does trade to that position, the order becomes effective as a request order. To be clear, this doesn’t guarantee that the order will be executed at exactly$ 9, but it does guarantee that the stock will be sold. However, the price at which the order is executed might be much lower than$ 9, If merchandisers are abundant. 


The Bid-ask spread is a concession in progress. To be successful, dealers must be willing to take the stage and walk down in the Bid-ask process through limited orders. By executing a request order without concern for the Bid-ask and without averring a limit, dealers are attesting to another dealer’s Bid, creating a return for that dealer.