1. Summary
  2. Nominal GDP
  3. Real GDP
  4. GDP Per Capita 
  5. GDP Growth Rate 


GDP can be reported in several ways, each of which provides slightly different information. 

Nominal GDP

Nominal GDP is an assessment of the profitable product in frugality that includes current prices in its computation. In other words, it doesn’t strip out affectation or the pace of rising prices, which can inflate the growth figure.  All goods and services counted in nominal GDP are valued at the prices that those goods and services are vented for at that time. Nominal GDP is estimated in either the original currency or the U.S. dollar at currency request exchange rates to compare countries’ GDPs in purely fiscal terms.  Nominal GDP is used when comparing different diggings of affairs at the same time. When comparing the GDP two or further times, real GDP is used.

Real GDP

Real GDP is an affectation-acclimated measure that reflects the number of goods and services produced by frugality in a given time, with prices held constant from time to time to separate the impact of affectation or deflation from the trend in the affair over time.  Rising prices tend to increase a country’s GDP, but this doesn’t inescapably reflect any change in the volume or quality of goods and services produced. therefore, by looking just at a frugality’s nominal GDP, it can be delicate to tell whether the figure has risen because of a real expansion in product or simply because prices rose.

Economists use a process that adjusts for affectation to arrive at a frugality’s real GDP. By confirming the affair in any given time for the price situations that prevailed in a reference time, called the base time, economists can acclimate for affectation’s impact. This way, it’s possible to compare a country’s GDP from one time to another and see if there’s any real growth. Nominal GDP is generally more advanced than real GDP because affectation is generally a positive number.  Real GDP accounts for changes in request value and therefore narrows the difference between affair numbers from time to ear. However, this may be an index of significant affectation or deflation in its frugality, If there’s a large distinction between a nation’s real GDP and nominal GDP.  

GDP Per Capita 

GDP per capita is a dimension of the GDP per person in a country’s population. It indicates that the quantum of affairs or income per person in a frugality can indicate average productivity or average living norms. GDP per capita can be stated in nominal, real (affectation- acclimated), or copping power equality (PPP) terms.  In an introductory interpretation, per-capita GDP shows how important profitable product value can be attributed to each citizen. This also translates to a measure of overall public wealth since GDP request value per person also readily serves as a substance measure.  Per-capita GDP is frequently anatomized alongside more traditional measures of GDP. Economists use this metric for sapience into their own country’s domestic productivity and the productivity of other countries. Per-capita GDP considers both a country’s GDP and its population.  still, for illustration, it could be the result of technological progressions that are producing further with the same population position, If a country’s per-capita GDP is growing with a stable population position. Some countries may have a high per-capita GDP but a small population, which generally means they’ve erected up a tone- sufficient frugality grounded on a cornucopia of special coffers.

GDP Growth Rate 

The GDP growth rate compares the time-over-year (or daily) change in a country’s profitable affairs to measure how presto and frugality are growing. generally expressed as a chance rate, this measure is popular for profitable policymakers because GDP growth is allowed to be nearly connected to crucial policy targets similar to affectation and severance rates.   

GDP Purchasing Power equality (PPP) 

While not directly a measure of GDP, economists look at PPP to see how one country’s GDP measures up in transnational dollars using a system that adjusts for differences in original prices and costs of living to make cross-country comparisons of the real affair, real income, and living norms.