1. Summary
  2. Industrial Sector under British Rule
  3. Other Factors
  4. Life Expectancy of individuals


When land set foot in India, they were trying to crush the economic section of India that at that point was booming. They began to take control of the vesture business and conjointly tried to cripple the work of the artisans. Land created thought to change these industries that were in their flourishing stage. Land tried to attain 2 things with decentralization.

Industrial Sector under British Rule

  • The export volume from India was created dominant. The raw materials from India were exported to Great Britain. Wherever India was once the bourgeois of factory-made handicraft things, they were currently reduced to merely being bourgeois of raw materials.
  • Since India was mercantilism with most of its raw materials, there was currently terribly less offer to fulfil the demand for the finished product in India. So India had to show to land to fulfil their daily demands.
  • With no raw materials to form finished products in conjunction with the dependency on land for finished products, it conjointly gave birth to a large-scale state among the Indians. The colonials, to erase this state, used the Indians to figure within the tea, indigo, jute, and low plantations that were in hand by the colonials utterly. Imports from Great Britain currently met the rise in native demand at an equivalent time. The state of the economic sector in India was shattered.
  • The decay of the handicraft business was caused due to the misgovernment of land in India. It diode to a decline within the Indian handicraft business. To destroy the Indian handicraft business, the land had a discriminatory tariff wherever they allowed free export of the staple from India to the UK and free import of finished product from Britain to India. However, for the handicraft product that was exported from India, there was heavy export.
  • The finished product created in Great Britain were machine-made, and these were higher in quality further as cheaper than the Indian handicraft product. This caused several to shut their business in India.
  • The British conjointly introduced railways in India throughout this point that helped to expand their market of business products that were low priced. This caused a fall in demand for the higher-priced handicraft product and so was the downfall of the Indian handicraft business.

Other Factors


The British forced Indian farmers to provide money crops like Indigo. It was bought from the farmers at cheaper rates and exported to Great Britain. Cultivating Indigo diode to a decline in soil fertility. The directors weren’t inquisitive about growing food products in India. The agricultural sector of India was extant miserably. Lack of technology and dependency on rains for irrigation created the condition even worse. Poor food production created the population of India starving and weak.


Poor economy, low employment rate, and economic condition kind of positive feedback that’s tough to interrupt. The condition of the economy of India at the time of independence wasn’t sensible. It was nearly on the verge of collapsing. This let alone the years of exploitation, 2 world wars, and an unexpected government amendment created the condition of the folks living in India even worse.

The per centum was very high. In each sector, there was a scarcity of chance and k folks willing to figure. The agricultural sector wasn’t advanced and was failing miserably. This diode to a decline in job prospects within the industrial sector further. The educated population and even the few people who had scarce found it tough to urge some work. 

Life Expectancy of individuals

People of any State are thought about as a natural resource of that nation. Thus it’s necessary to keep up the health of the folks. It’s conjointly necessary to produce education and employment opportunities so that they will prove helpful to their mother country. India’s population on the eve of independence mirrored the economic state of the country.

The majority of individuals weren’t educated. The illiteracy rate was high. The health care facilities were conjointly not pronto obtainable. This let alone varied alternative factors diode to high mortality. A rustic wherever folks are illiterate and unhealthy reflects poorly on the planet map.