1. MSS
  2. Origin of MSS
  3. Interest payments for MSBs
  4. Market Stabilization difference from Open Market Operations
  5. RBI and MSS


Market Stabilization scheme (MSS) could be a financial policy intervention by the tally to withdraw excess liquidity (or cash supply) by commercializing government securities within the economy. The MSS was introduced in the Gregorian calendar month 2004. The main issue concerning MSS is that it’s wont to withdraw excess liquidity or cash from the system by commercializing government bonds.

Origin of MSS

           Initially, the MSS was launched to withdraw the surplus liquidity within the system that was generated as a result of the RBI’s purchase of foreign currencies within the exchange market. From 2002 ahead, there was a large influx of foreign capital into Bharat. This semiconductor diode to the appreciation of the rupee. Since appreciation isn’t smart for exports, the tally intervened within the exchange market by shopping for bucks. To shop for bucks, the tally has got to offer rupees. During this manner, high commercialism of rupees ends up in excess liquidity (rupee) and thereby making a possible for inflation. To beat this example, the tally has oversubscribed government bonds on a general basis relying upon the amount of excess liquidity within the system. Here bonds visit money establishments and cash goes back to the tally. This withdrawal of excess liquidity is termed sterilization.

The Market Stabilization Scheme (MSS) was launched in the Gregorian calendar month 2004. During 2002-2004, there have been large capital inflows into Bharat. This semiconductor diode to associate degree appreciation of the rupee (because demand for the Indian rupee increased). Appreciation of the rupee isn’t smart for exports because it makes exports dearer. Therefore, the tally had to intervene within the foreign currency market. It started shopping for North American nation bucks with the Indian rupee (to increase the availability of Indian rupees and devalue the rupee)

But, this multiplied the liquidity within the economy and had the potential to tend inflation. To combat this, the tally oversubscribed Government securities to withdraw the surplus liquidity. This withdrawal of excess liquidity is additionally referred to as sterilization. The commercialism of state securities depleted the restricted stock of securities control by the tally. The tally ran out of stock of normal Government securities. Therefore, MSS came into being following a note of Understanding (MoU) between the govt. of Bharat and also the tally within the year 2004.

Interest payments for MSS

The money procured from commercialism bonds beneath MSS unbroken with the tally. At a similar time, interest payments ought to incline to the establishment’s buys bond. Here, for the interest payment, the govt. allocates cash from its budget to the tally. This expenditure to service interest payment for MSBs is termed opportunity cost. As per the newest policy, the govt. has multiplied the quantity of MSBs to be issued to Rs.6crores from 0.3crores within the context of termination. When termination, large deposits were placed into the industry. At a similar time, banks can’t lend it to customers because it is simply temporary cash. The tally has schooled banks to stay all the extra deposits as CRR. But here, the banks can suffer losses as they need to pay interest to the depositors.   To compensate banks, the MSS policy is revived. Here, banks will place the surplus cash obtained from deposits in MSBs. they will get associate degree interest payment furthermore.

Market Stabilization difference from Open Market Operations

The regular government bonds are a part of the government’s borrowing program and also the interest pay-out on these affects the business enterprise position. The MSS bills and securities are matched by identical money balance control by the govt. with the banking company. Hence, they need solely a marginal impact on the government’s revenue and financial positions. The price of such interest payment is shown singly within the Budget. MSS is merely commercialism of state securities to withdraw excess liquidity. The money raised through the commercialism of securities is unbroken in a very separate account referred to as MSS account.

The amount unbroken within the MSS account is merely used for the redemption (repayment) of securities issued beneath the MSS. This cash isn’t employed by the government. To fulfill its expenditure demand. It’s not state borrowing. However, interest is paid on the securities issued beneath MSS. Hence, there’s a marginal impact on business enterprise deficit thanks to interest payments. But, there’s no impact on business enterprise deficit thanks to borrowings beneath MSS because it does not want to meet expenditure necessities.


The money obtained beneath MSS ought to be unbroken with the tally. It shouldn’t be transferred to the government. This can be as a result of, if it’s transferred, the government can pay the money within the economy thereby adding to liquidity. For the problem of MSS, there’s an MoU between the govt. and also the tally concerning the full limit of MSBs to be issued by the tally throughout a year. As per the newest policy, to manage liquidity within the background of termination, the govt. has multiplied the limit of MSBs to six crores.