1. Summary
  2. Regulatory relief measures
  3. Several factors to use capital buffers


The economic effects of the restrictions on economic activity following the occurrence of the pandemic are amid an unprecedented response by policymakers. We have seen new measures taken each in terms of business and financial policy. Economic policy has provided a mission to families and businesses additionally as loan guarantees and debt moratoria enforced through the national economy. The financial policy has provided liquidity support additionally as increased credit facilities through rate of interest policy and new exceptional measures of quantitative easing.

Regulatory relief measures

Fiscal and monetary policy: The fiscal policy and monetary policy has encompassed banking regulators and supervisors. In the period of uncertainty, this policy are essential to confirm and ensure that the banks continue in fulfilling their role of providing credit and liquidity to the economy.

The coordination between authorities has been exceptional. National and international regulators and supervisors have acted with a standard goal: to push money stability and make sure that funding reaches people who want it the foremost. Broadly speaking we’ve seen choices providing regulative relief to money intermediaries, additionally as measures limiting the distribution of dividends, to extend the provision of capital to soak up losses and support loaning within the face of hyperbolic uncertainty. In terms of regulative relief, the micro-prudential supervisor (the SSM) has adopted choices that supported a macro-prudential perspective, reposeful a number of the capital needs. The eu Commission has additionally distributed a speedy review of the Capital needs Regulation, anticipating the applying of some components that offered capital relief and facilitating the implementation of others over time. Banks have additionally contributed, providing their relief measures for debtors like extending payment moratoria, granting pre-approved loans, or advancing the payment of pensions and state edges. All this has helped to preserve confidence and guarantees credit and liquidity were extended to the economy occasionally of most want. Credit growth figures show that support has been new. 

IFRS 9: One clear example of procyclicality is IFRS9, the new accounting framework that has replaced the incurred loss model with the expected loss model as the simplest way to estimate bank provisions. Beneath IFRS nine, bank provisions ought to be calculated to support AN estimate of future losses instead of waiting till these losses have already materialized. At the time this normal was being developed, 3 some folks already warned that its main downside might be its procyclicality because it well will increase the number of provisions throughout economic downturns. Due to the occurrence of the pandemic and also the fast modification in economic forecasts, this risk has materialized. This has forced the key accounting and prudent authorities to create the foremost of all the flexibleness offered by IFRS94 in its application, victimization different macro eventualities to disembarrass the impact of the abrupt changes ensuing from COVID till a lot of data on the magnitude of the present shock becomes obtainable. The implementation of IFRS9, distributed in phases over many years, has additionally been deferred by the eu Commission5 to give banks some temporary relief.

Ideally, we’d prefer to have a system that builds a provision cushion in sensible times, not one that needs a large and fast effort in times of distress. This was stressed years past among others by economists at the Bank of European nation, that had a system of this sort (dynamic provisioning).

Capital ratios: The procyclicality of the regulative framework was renowned additionally to be necessary within the capital regulation of banks. On the far side, the bank must accumulate minimum capital needs, which follow chiefly a micro-prudential approach to avoid capital loss, additionally  banks should accumulate capital buffers, which are macro-prudential to some extent, to confirm the steadiness of the national economy as a full. In response to the crisis and given the concern that uncertainty may scale back the supply of credit to the economy superior authorities like the ECB have inspired banks to create use of those capital buffers. However, they need be employed by but expected.

Several factors to use capital buffers

  • Once operation implanted below the combined buffer, the First restrictions on the remuneration of equity instruments (shares and AT1 instruments) and also the little relative weight of counter-cyclical parts. The counter cyclical capital buffer, that is specifically designed to be discharged at low points within the cycle accounted for simply 0.1% of risk-weighted assets within the monetary unit space at the beginning of the pandemic and had not been activated in most EU jurisdictions. The capital conservation buffer, on the opposite hand, is ready by law at 2.5%, and its use would mechanically trigger MDA restrictions.
  • Second, uncertainty relating to the timeline for reconstruction buffers.
  • Finally, we should always not forget that different regulatory/prudential needs don’t seem to be as risk-based (such because the leverage quantitative relation and determination requirements) that would even be binding, a minimum of briefly.

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