1. Stock
  2. Benefits of Owning Stocks
  3. Stock choice
  4. Strike worth
  5. Type of Stock Option
  6. Settlement/Expiration Dates


When an individual owns stock during a company, the individual is termed a shareowner and is eligible to assert a part of the corporate’s residual assets and earnings (should the company ever got to dissolve). A shareowner might also be mentioned as a shareowner. The terms “stock”, “shares”, and “equity” are used interchangeably in fashionable monetary language.  The securities market consists of exchanges wherever investors should purchase and sell individual shares of a corporation.

Benefits of Owning Stocks

There are several potential advantages to owning stocks or shares in a company, as well as the following:

Claim on assets

A shareowner includes a claim on assets of a corporation its stock in. However, the claims on assets are relevant only the corporate faces liquidation. therein event, all of the company’s assets and liabilities are counted, and in any case, creditors are paid, and the shareholders will claim what’s left. this can be the explanation that equity (stocks) investments are thought of as higher risk than debt (credit, loans, and bonds) as a result of creditors are paid before equity holders, and if there are not any assets left when the debt is paid, the equity holders could receive nothing.

Dividends and capital gains

A shareowner might also receive earnings, that are paid within the type of dividends. the corporate will decide the number of dividends to be paid in one amount (such joined quarter or one year), or it will commit to retain all of the earnings to expand the business more. other than dividends, the shareowner can even relish capital gains from stock worth appreciation.

Power to vote

Another powerful feature of stock possession is that shareholders are entitled to vote for management changes if the corporate is mismanaged. the chief board of a corporation can hold annual conferences to report overall company performance. They disclose plans for future amount operations and management choices. ought to investors and stockholders trouble the company’s current operation or plans, they need the ability to barter changes in management or business strategy.

Financial obligation

Lastly, once an individual owns shares of a corporation, the character of possession is proscribed. ought to the corporate go bankrupt, shareholders don’t seem to be in person accountable for any loss.

Stock choice

An option could be a contract between 2 parties that offers the client the proper to shop for or sell underlying stocks at a planned worth and inside such fundamental measure.

A trafficker of the stock is termed Associate in Nursing option author, wherever the vendor is paid a premium from the contract purchased by the client.

Type of Stock Option

There are 2 varieties of stock options:

  • A stock decision choice, that grants the vendee the proper however not the requirement to shop for stock. A decision choice can increase in price once the underlying stock worth rises.
  • A stock place choice, that grants the client the proper to sell stock short. A place choice can increase in price once the underlying stock worth drops.

Investment bankers could purchase either of those 2 varieties of choices on an individual basis or in conjunction with one another to use sure commerce techniques, like a coated decision.

Strike worth

Stock choices escort a pre-determined worth, referred to as a strike worth. Investors should purchase decision AAPL contracts at the strike worth of $108, as an example, although the present market value is $110. or else, they will purchase the decision choice at a strike worth of $113.

On top of example, a choice strike worth $108 is termed in-the-money, and therefore the strike worth $113 is out-of-the-money. In-the-money choices, once exercised, end in a profit, whereas out-of-the-money choices, once exercised, can end in a loss.

Settlement/Expiration Dates

Each choice includes a completely different expiration date and rule for settlement. There are 2 choice designs within the markets.

  • An American-style choice that permits the holder of {the choice|the choice} to exercise the call/put option any time before expiration
  • A European-style choice that solely permits the choice to be exercised on the expiration date.

In the past, once the holder of choice exercised his right, the dealing was processed, and therefore the certificates of stocks were delivered to the holder. within the fashionable market, all settlements occur in money, supported by the worth of the underlying stock.