1. Summary
  2. Sum-of-the-Years’ Digits
  3. Understanding Sum-of-the-Years’ Digits
  4. The economic utility of Assets
  5. Repair and Maintenance Cost


Sum of Years Depreciation (SYD) could be a methodology of accelerated depreciation. Kind of like the double declining balance methodology, add of year’s depreciation aims to depreciate a company’s assets at an accelerated rate. Firms might select the SYD methodology because the following can end in a bigger depreciation tax defense within the initial few years of the asset’s life.

Sum-of-the-Years’ Digits

Sum-of-the-years’ digits (SYD) is an accelerated methodology for calculative an asset’s depreciation. This methodology takes the plus’s expected life and adds along the digits for every year; therefore if the asset was expected to last for 5 years, the addition of the years’ digits would be obtained by adding: five + four + three + two + one to induce a complete of fifteen. Every digit is then divided by this add to see the proportion by which the plus ought to be depreciated annually, beginning with the very best range in year one, let’s see regarding add of the year’s digits

  • Sum-of-the-years’ digits is an accelerated methodology for deciding an asset’s expected depreciation over time.
  • Depreciation is an accounting technique that involves pairing the value of employing a tangible plus with the advantage gained over its helpful life.
  • Accelerated depreciation differs from customary depreciation by forwarding higher depreciation prices at first and lower prices in later years, reflecting the fact that the advantage of victimization is going to be diminished because of the plus ages.
  • Standard depreciation, or straight-line depreciation, utilizes an equivalent financial price once a year of the asset’s helpful life.
  • It is best to use an accelerated depreciation methodology, like the SYD methodology, once an plus can lose most of its price toward the start of its helpful life

Understanding Sum-of-the-Years’ Digits

Depreciation could be a methodology of plus price allocation that apportions a plus’s price to expenses for every amount expected to learn from the victimization of the asset. Counting on the chosen price parceling or charge per unit, depreciation charges may be variable, straight-lined, or accelerated over the helpful lifetime of a plus.

Accelerated depreciation uses decreasing charge strategies, as well as the sum-of-the-years’ digits (SYD), providing higher depreciation prices in earlier years and lower depreciation charges in later periods. beneath the SYD methodology, the charge per unit proportion for every year is calculated because the range of years in remaining plus life for an equivalent year is divided by the addition of remaining plus life once a year through the asset’s life. Because the charge per unit decreases over time, therefore will the charge.

It is sensible to use an accelerated depreciation methodology like the SYD methodology once a plus can lose most of its price toward the start of its helpful life, as is the case with vehicles, for instance. Within the five-year example top of, the SYD methodology would yield the subsequent depreciation schedule:

Once a corporation decides on a depreciation methodology it usually needs to stick to that depreciation methodology going forward for that individual plus. Dynamic would need a revision of all antecedent submitted monetary statements.

The economic utility of Assets

The accelerated or decreasing price allocation for plus depreciation, like the sum-of-the-years’ digits methodology, higher matches the value of victimization a plus to the profit the plus use provides annually over the economic lifetime of the plus.

The advantage of victimization a plus can decline because the plus gets older, which means a plus provides a larger service price than in earlier years. Therefore, charging higher depreciation prices early and decreasing depreciation charges in later years reflects the truth of an asset’s dynamic economic utility over time.

Repair and Maintenance Cost

As an assets gets older, repair and maintenance prices are to rise because the plus desires repair a lot of often; once more, take into account an automobile as an example. A decreasing charge over time helps give a relentless overall price between depreciation charges and repair and maintenance prices, the latter of that is lower within the earlier years and might offset higher depreciation charges early.

Without accelerated depreciation and decreasing depreciation charges, earnings, as reported, are also distorted too high early and too low later on—when depreciation price allocation doesn’t accommodate actual changes in repair and maintenance prices over an asset’s helpful life.