1. Positive impact
    1.1 Mitigation of the NPA problem
    1.2 Macroeconomic stability post-COVID
    1.3 Administrative potency and quality of client service
    1.4 Competition
    1.5 Capital infusion and foreign investment
    1.6 Job creation
  2. Negative impact
    2.1 Outside the compass of RTI and CVC
    2.2 Issue of accessibility
    2.3 Inclination towards profit-making
    2.4 Private players are susceptible to failure

Positive impact

Mitigation of the NPA problem

The privatization drive will certainly facilitate in effectively reducing the terrorist group issue and boost the economy by recapitalizing PSBs with the assistance of raising contemporary equities thereby empowering the banks to resume disposal, improve their performance and at the same time denationalize their possession structure. The dilution of the government’s stake within the PSBs by transferral contemporary equity and foreign investment could provide the debt-ridden PSBs a push towards recovery and growth.

Macroeconomic stability post-COVID

The privatization drive can have a positive impact on the economy throughout the pandemic by transferral stability at the political economy level. The ripple impact on different PSBS is created once the Privatization of many loss-making PSBs can make sure that market discipline forces them to rectify their strategy. The pandemic has LED to the severe decline within the economic curve of the state and has created a negative impact on banks as an entire, which makes it all a lot necessary to revive the banking sector.

Administrative potency and quality of client service

The side of body potency plays a key role within the sleek functioning and governance of a bank. The executive potency of a personal bank as compared to PSBs is healthier. The client service is healthier during a personal bank. Therefore, privatization of PSBs can achieve Associate in Nursing increased client service expertise. The rise in tech-driven merchandise and simple banking services will facilitate in up the body potency and client service. This tech-driven merchandise will modify the personal banks to extend their reach within the rural banking sector and supply quality services to their customers.


Another pet of privatization is that the competition within the market. The privatization drive can give the personal players A level taking part in field with magnified competition within the market which can eventually drive the personal banks to perform higher and increase their potency. The personal banks, thanks to the increase within the competition, can introduce innovative merchandise that specializes in specific client preferences keeping useable the chance assessment, risk improvement, product rating, and lower service prices.

Capital infusion and foreign investment

India includes a nice potential of the flow of foreign investment whereby infusing a lot of capital into the banking sector can provide a positive stimulus to the already suffering economy. The PSBs as compared to the personal banks are less aggressive in disposal, attracting deposits, and in putting in branches. The banks within the public sector are usually reluctant to form credit selections because of the worry of agencies and regulators.

Job creation

The privatization of PSBs can modify the personal banks to form a lot of job opportunities for people with specialized experience in banking, finance, and technology to fulfil their target-oriented needs with improved infrastructure and effective hands.

Negative impact

Outside the compass of RTI and CVC

According to the plan/scheme of privatization, the personal sector banks won’t be subject to a dual-channel of scrutiny by the Ministry of Finance and the RBI as within the case of PSBs. The personal banks can have restricted pertinency of Right to info (RTI) and can bring the personal banks outside the scope of external vigilance social control through CVC.

Issue of accessibility

Rural banking will certainly be a significant challenge for the privatization drive because the PSBs dominate the accessibility to rural areas. The PSBs have branches across the country and at nearly every district, in contrast to the personal banks whose presence/reach may be seen within a lot of developed or inhabited areas of the country. Such a dominance/reach of the PSBs across the country would undoubtedly be arduous for the personal banks to match.

Inclination towards profit-making

The main thought that drives the personal sector banks is gain. Personal banks inclined to form profits and, in some cases, serve the interest of the promoters as was recently evident from the case of affirmative Bank. Since the top result of personal banks is to form profits, the construct of a state as adhered to by the PSBs could suffer. The PSBs acting within the interest of the state extend low-priced services, give the depositors subsidized accounts, and varied different governmental schemes coupled to that. These PSBs at the bid of fixing the political landscape frequently give the choice of loan waivers and write-offs to the marginalized population.

Private players are susceptible to failure

The biggest advantage that the PSBs have over the personal banks is that the PSBs are backed by the sovereign. they’re not susceptible to complete failure or turning into extinct as there’s continually an opportunity of recovery thanks to the support of the govt. the foremost recent example is that the restructuring of the full-service bank (PNB) whereby, the government intervention by the method of debt recovery and restructuring of the assets of the bank is wanted, once the failure of the PNB thanks to frauds, scams, and its failure to get enough money flows to stay it afloat.