1. Summary
  2. Return on Assets computation 
  3. Significance of Return on Assets
  4. Limitations of ROA 
  5. Illustration of ROA 
  6. ROA Used by Investors
  7. Calculate a Company’s ROA


Return on Assets is a metric that indicates a company’s profitability to its total Assets. ROA can be used by operations, judges, and investors to determine whether a company uses its Assets efficiently to induce a profit. You can calculate a company’s ROA by dividing its net income by its total Assets. 

Return on Assets computation 

Return on Assets (ROA) is a type of return on investment (ROI) metric that measures the profitability of a business to its total Assets. This rate indicates how well a company is performing by comparing the profit (net income) it’s generating to the capital it’s invested in Assets. The more advanced the return, the more productive and effective operation is in exercising profitable coffers.

Significance of Return on Assets

The ROA formula is an important rate in assaying a company’s profitability. The rate is generally used when comparing a company’s performance between ages, or when comparing two different companies of analogous size in the same assiduity. Note that it’s veritably important to consider the scale of a business and the operations performed when comparing two different enterprises using ROA.  generally, different diligence has different ROAs. the diligence that is capital- ferocious and bears a high value of fixed Assets for operations, will generally have a lower ROA, as their large asset base will increase the denominator of the formula. Naturally, a company with a large asset base can have a large ROA, if its income is high enough.  

Limitations of ROA 

As noted over, one of the biggest issues with ROA is that it cannot be used across diligence. That’s because companies in one assiduity have different asset bases than those in another. So, the asset bases of companies within the oil painting and gas assiduity are not the same as those in the retail assiduity.  Some judges also feel that the introductory ROA formula is limited in its operations, being most suitable for banks. Bank balance wastes more represent the real value of their Assets and arrears because they’re carried at request value via mark-to-request account (or at least an estimate of request value) versus literal cost. Both interest expenditure and interest income are formerly regarded in the equation. 

Illustration of ROA 

Flashback that ROA is most useful for comparing companies in the same assiduity, as different diligence uses Assets else. For illustration, the ROA for service-acquainted enterprises, similar to banks, will be significantly more advanced than the ROA for capital- ferocious companies, similar to construction or mileage companies.  Every dollar that Macy’s invested in Assets generated 8.3% of net income. Macy’s was better at converting its investment into gains, compared with Kohls’s and Dillard’s. One of the operation’s most important jobs is to make wise choices in allocating its coffers, and it appears Macy’s operation, in the reported period, was more complete than its two peers.  

ROA Used by Investors

Investors can use ROA to find stock openings because the ROA shows how effective a company is at using its Assets to induce gains.  A ROA that rises over time indicates the company is doing well at adding its gains with each investment dollar it spends. A falling ROA indicates the company might have over-invested in Assets that have failed to produce profit growth, a sign the company may be in some trouble. ROA can also be used to make apples-to-apples comparisons across companies in the same sector or assiduity. 

Calculate a Company’s ROA

ROA is calculated by dividing an establishment’s net income by the normal of its Total Assets. It’s also expressed as a chance.  Net profit can be set up at the bottom of a company’s income statement, and Assets are set up on its balance distance. Average total Assets are used in calculating ROA because a company’s asset aggregate can vary over time due to the purchase or trade of vehicles, land, outfit, force changes, or seasonal deals oscillations. Therefore, a ROA of over 5 is generally considered good, and over 20 is excellent. still, ROAs should always be compared amongst enterprises in the same sector. For case, a software maker has far smaller Assets on the balance distance than an automaker.