Role of Government in moving Cashless Economy in India


  1. Summary
  2. Past efforts of the Indian Government
  3. Reason to be a Cashless India Economy 
  4. Implementation of Cashless Economy
  5. Conclusion


Traditionally, India has been a money-based mostly economy. The $64000 path for the cashless economy was ordered in 2016 by the implementation of ending. Demonetisation forced individuals to travel for moneyless transactions as there’s less liquid cash out there with the general public and most of the black cash has been appropriated by the government. Several digital payment platforms came into existence that helped individuals to migrate into cashless transactions.

Initially, individuals were reluctant to travel for cashless transactions thanks to lack of awareness, security reasons, restricted convenience of the web and mobile phones, particularly in rural areas. Since the historic period throughout last 4-5 years, web and mobile phones have reached each social unit. This created the individuals to get won’t to cashless group action. Demonetisation has light-emitting diode public to open sizable amount of bank accounts that conjointly helped in a volume increase of cashless transactions. Individuals are currently won’t do it thanks to the convenience, transparency, and quicker transactions. We can say that India is prepared to become a cashless economy as a result of the amendment in the mental attitude of individuals, analysis of technology, web facilities, and government initiatives.

Past efforts of Indian Government towards Cashless Economy

  • The minister of finance proclaimed within the Union Budget 2019-20 that TDS at 2 % charged on money withdrawals olympian Rs.1 in a very year from the checking account. The motive behind this specific announcement of our government was to discourage businesses’ money payments transactions.
  • Additionally, to market digital transactions among company homes. The government proclaimed that firms with an annual turnover of over Rs.50 crore supply inexpensive digital payment modes. Moreover, the state is giving them the good thing about no further or merchandiser Discount Rate charges on them and their customers.
  • It is a superb move by the Indian Government to incentivize individuals to adapt to the rising cashless economy.
  • Nearly ninetieth of all transactions within the Indian economy was hooked into the money before the pandemic. It’s as a result of the massive informal sector that employs ninetieth of the labor. Only when digital payment in adopted in India, Becoming cashless Economy is easy.
  • Incentivizing the individuals alone isn’t adequate. The government has to develop the supporting infrastructures and technologies for India to become a cashless economy.

Reason to be a Cashless Indian Economy

India ought to shift to a cashless economy. Let’s see them below

  • Cash is expensive: a great deal of your time and cash goes into printing money. RBI batted in has spent Rs.32.1 billion on printing the currency. Also, there’s the price for the fitting of and maintaining of the ATMs. What is more, the paper currencies have shelf-life once that it has to get replaced.
  • Money is that the driver of the shadow economy: Cash is tough to trace. Illicit activities like non-payment, black cash, etc. may be administrated with money. In 2007, currency in circulation was nearly on par with the bank deposits. However, within the last 3 years, the currency with Indians was quite the bank deposits by 500 the quantity of black cash (unaccounted money) in India is 15-16 large integer crores. It’s going to get wont to finance illicit activities like terrorist activities, getting votes, smuggling, betting, trafficking, etc.
  • Enables money inclusion and redoubled tax revenues: A cashless economy makes it necessary for all voters to possess bank accounts. This can guarantee a better money inclusion rate. It’ll conjointly guarantee transparency within the group action of cash at intervals the economy – minimizing the chance of nonpayment exponentially.

Implementation of Cashless Economy

Role of presidency: Converting ancient payment strategies with the digitized group action isn’t a cakewalk in a very country like India. The Indian government has been taking several initiatives for transportation this modification within the economy vogue. Let’s have a glance at a number of those vital initiatives taken by the government.

DigiShala: The Ministry of natural philosophy and knowledge Technology has launched DigiShala, a government-owned 24*7 TV channel to unfold the notice of Digital Payments.

Visa: Vittiya Saksharta Abhiyan, could be a campaign initiated by the govt. of Asian nation, Ministry of Human Resource Development, for promoting Digital attainment.

Installation of the purpose of Sale Devices: Grocery stores, native doctors, chemists, and alternative essential commodities and repair suppliers are asked to put in the purpose of Sale devices by the government.


Many believe that there was no urgency for this daring step of demonetization. The government may have read it in a very far better fashion had it planned many basic items that were unnoticed, unheeded deliberately, or just not thought of. India is often a Less-cash country, however not a cashless one, a minimum of within the close to future.