1. Alternative Trading System (ATS) 
  2. Understanding an Alternative Trading System (ATS) 
  3. Criticisms of Alternative Trading Systems (ATS) 
  4. Regulation of Alternative Trading Systems (ATS) 

Alternative Trading System (ATS) 

An Alternative trading system (ATS) is a trading venue that’s further approximately regulated than an exchange. ATS platforms are frequently used to match large steal and sell orders among their subscribers. The most extensively used type of ATS in the United States is electronic communication networks (ECNs) — motorized systems that automatically match buy and vend orders for securities in the request.

  • Alternative trading systems (ATS) are venues for matching large steal and vend deals.
  • They aren’t as largely regulated as exchanges.
  • exemplifications of ATS include dark pools and ECNs. 
  • SEC Regulation ATS establishes a nonsupervisory frame for these trading venues. 

Understanding an Alternative Trading System (ATS) 

ATS account for the importance of the liquidity set up in intimately traded issues worldwide. They’re known as multinational trading installations in Europe, ECNs, cross networks, and call networks. utmost ATS are registered as broker-dealers rather than exchanges and concentrate on chancing counterparties for deals.  Unlike some public exchanges, ATS doesn’t set rules governing the conduct of subscribers or discipline subscribers, other than by banning them from trading. They’re important in furnishing volition means to pierce liquidity.  Institutional investors may use an ATS to find counterparties for deals, rather than trading large blocks of shares on public stock exchanges. This conduct may be designed to conceal trading from public view since ATS deals don’t appear on public exchange order books. The benefit of using an ATS to execute similar orders is that it reduces the domino effect that large trades might have on the price of equity. 

Criticisms of Alternative Trading Systems (ATS) 

These trading venues must be approved by the SEC. In recent times, controllers have stepped up enforcement conduct against ATS for contraventions similar to trading against client order inflow or making use of non-public client trading information. These violations may be more common in ATS than in public exchanges because ATS face smaller regulations.

Dark Pools

A barricade fund interested in erecting a large position in equity may use an ATS to help other investors from buying in advance. ATS used for these purposes may be appertained to as dark pools.  Dark pools number trading on ATS by institutional orders executed on private exchanges. Information about these deals is substantially unapproachable to the public, which is why they’re called” dark.” The bulk of dark pool liquidity is created by block trades eased down from the central stock request exchanges and conducted by institutional investors (primarily investment banks).  Although they’re legal, dark pools operate with little translucency. As a result, dark pools, along with high-frequency trading (HFT), are hourly- blamed by those in the finance assiduity; some dealers believe that these rudiments convey an illegal advantage to certain players in the stock request. 

Regulation of Alternative Trading Systems (ATS) 

SEC Regulation ATS established a nonsupervisory frame for ATS. An ATS meets the description of an exchange under civil securities laws but isn’t needed to register as a public securities exchange if the ATS operates under the impunity handed under Exchange Act Rule 3a1- 1(a). To operate under this impunity, an ATS must misbehave with the conditions in Rules 300- 303 of regulations.

To misbehave with Regulation ATS, an ATS must register as a broker-dealer and train an original operation report with the Commission on Form ATS before beginning operations. An ATS must file emendations to Form ATS to give notice of any changes to its operations and must file a conclusion of operation report on Form ATS if it closes. The conditions for filing reports using Form ATS are in Rule 301(b)(2) of Regulation ATS. These conditions include commanded reporting of books and records.  In recent times, there have been moves to make ATS more transparent. For illustration, the SEC amended Regulation ATS to enhance” functional translucency” for similar systems in 2018. Among other effects, this entails filing detailed public exposures to inform the general public about implicit conflicts of interest and pitfalls of information leakage. ATS is also needed to have written safeguards and procedures to cover subscribers’ trading information.

The SEC formally defines an Alternative trading system as” any association, association, person, group of persons, or systems (1) that constitutes, maintains, or provides a request place or installations for bringing together purchasers and merchandisers of securities or for else performing concerning securities the functions generally performed by a stock exchange within the meaning of Rule 3b- 16 under the Exchange Act; and( 2) that doesn’t( i) set rules governing the conduct of subscribers other than the conduct of similar subscribers’ trading on similar association, association, person, group of persons, or system, or(ii) discipline subscribers other than by rejection from trading.”