1. Restricted Stock Unit (RSU) 
  2. Understanding Restricted Stock Units (RSUs) 
  3. Special Considerations 
  4. Advantages and Disadvantages of RSUs 

Restricted Stock Unit (RSU) 

A Restricted stock unit (RSU) is an award of stock shares, generally given as a form of hand compensation. The philanthropist must meet certain conditions before the Restricted stock units are transferred to the proprietor.  Restricted stock units are issued to workers through a vesting plan and distribution schedule after they achieve needed performance mileposts or upon remaining with their employer for a particular length of time.  Restricted stock units give workers interest in their employer’s equity but have no palpable value until they’re vested. The RSUs are assigned a fair Market value (FMV) when they vest. Restricted stock units are considered income once vested, and a portion of the shares is withheld to pay income levies. The hand also receives the remaining shares and has the right to vend them. 

  • Restricted stock units are a form of stock-grounded hand compensation. 
  • RSUs are Restricted during a vesting period that may last several times, during which time they cannot be vented.
  • Once they’re vested, RSUs can be vented or kept like any other shares of company stock.
  • Unlike stock options or clearances, RSUs always have some value grounded on the beginning shares. 
  • For duty purposes, the entire value of vested RSUs must be included as ordinary income at the time of vesting.

Understanding Restricted Stock Units (RSUs) 

The restricted stock gained fissionability as a form of hand compensation as volition to stock options after the account dishonours of the themed-2000s involving companies like Enron and WorldCom. At the end of 2004, the Financial Accounting norms Board (FASB) issued a statement taking companies to bespeak and counting expenditures for stock options issued. This action levelled the playing field among equity types.  Given those dishonours, companies began to consider other types of stock awards for attracting and retaining gifts. RSUs, which had generally been reserved for advanced situations of operation, came more common.  The median number of stock options granted collectively by Fortune 1000 companies dropped by 40 between 2003 and 2005. The median number of RSU awards rose by nearly 41 in the same period.

Special Considerations 

RSUs are treated else for duty purposes than other forms of stock options. That is, the entire value of a hand’s vested stock is counted as ordinary income at the time of vesting.

To declare the quantum, a hand must abate the original purchase of the stock or its exercise price from the FMV on the date it becomes completely vested. This difference is also declared as ordinary income by the taxpayer.  still, the difference between the trade price and FMV is declared as either a capital gain or loss on the date of vesting, If the stock is vented an after the date (and not on the exercise date). 

Advantages and Disadvantages of RSUs 


 RSUs give an incitement for workers to stay with a company for the long term and help it perform well so that their shares increase in value. However, the hand receives the capital gain minus the value of the shares withheld for income levies and the quantum due in capital earnings levies, If a hand decides to hold their shares until they admit the full vested allocation and the company’s stock rises.  Administration costs are minimum for employers as there are no factual shares to track and record. RSUs also allow a company to postpone issuing shares until the vesting schedule is complete, which helps delay the dilution of its shares. 


RSUs do not give tips before they vest. But an employer may pay tip coequals that can be moved into an escrow account to help neutralize withholding levies, or be reinvested through the purchase of fresh shares. The taxation of Restricted stocks is governed by Section 1244 of the Internal Revenue Code (IRC). Restricted stock is included in gross income for duty purposes and is honoured on the date when the stocks come transmittable. This is also known as the vesting date.  RSUs are not eligible for the IRC 83 (b) Election, which allows a hand to pay a duty before vesting, as the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) does not consider them to be palpable property.  RSUs do not have voting rights until factual shares get issued to a hand at vesting. If a hand leaves before the conclusion of its vesting schedule, they lose the remaining shares to the company. For case, if a hand’s vesting schedule consists of 5000 RSUs over two times and he resigns after 12 months, he forfeits 2,500 RSUs.