1. Structure of the Indian Financial System
  2. Type of scheduled Bank
  3. CSGL Account

Structure of the Indian Financial System

Reserve Bank of India is that the financial organization of the country and regulates the industry of India. The structure of the industry of Asian nation may be loosely divided into scheduled banks, non-scheduled banks and development banks.

  • Banks that are enclosed within the second schedule of the depository financial institution of Asian nation Act, 1934 are thought-about to be scheduled banks.
  • Such a bank becomes eligible for debts/loans on discount rate from the run
  • Such a bank mechanically acquires the membership of a financial institution.
  • All banks that don’t seem to be enclosed within the second section of the depository financial institution of Asian nation Act, 1934 are Non-scheduled Banks. they’re not eligible to borrow from the run for traditional banking functions apart from emergencies.

Type of scheduled Bank

Commercial Banks

The establishments that settle for deposits from the overall public and advance loans with the aim of earning profits are referred to as industrial Banks. industrial banks may be loosely divided into public sector, non-public sector, foreign banks and RRBs.

  • Publicly Sector Banks the bulk stake is control by the govt. when the recent uniting of smaller banks with larger banks, there are twelve public sector banks in Asian nation as of currently. associate degree example of Public Sector Bank is banking concern of Asian nation.
  • Private Sector Banks are banks wherever the key stakes within the equity are in hand by non-public stakeholders or business homes. some major non-public sector banks in Asian nation are HDFC Bank, Kotak Mahindra Bank, ICICI Bank etc.
  • A Foreign Bank may be a bank that has its headquarters outside the country however runs its offices as a non-public entity at the other location outside the country. Such banks are below associate degree obligation to control below the laws provided by the financial organization of the country moreover because the rule prescribed by the parent organization set outside Asian nation.
  • Regional Rural Banks aims at making certain enough institutional credit for agriculture and alternative rural sectors. the realm of operation of RRBs is restricted to the realm notified by the govt.

Cooperative Banks

A Cooperative Bank may be a money entity that belongs to its members, who are the homeowners moreover because the customers of their bank. they supply their members with varied banking and money services. Cooperative banks are the first supporters of agricultural activities, some small-scale industries and freelance staff. associate degree example of a Cooperative Bank in Asian nation is Mehsana Urban Co-operative Bank. Cooperative banks are any divided into 2 classes – urban and rural.

•           Rural cooperative Banks are either short-run or semi-permanent.

  1. Short-term cooperative banks may be divided into State Co-operative Banks, District Central Co-operative Banks, Primary Agricultural Credit Societies.
  2. Long-term banks are either State Cooperative Agriculture and Rural Development Banks (SCARDBs) or Primary Cooperative Agriculture and Rural Development Banks (PCARDBs).

•           Urban Co-operative Banks (UCBs) visit primary cooperative banks set in urban and semi-urban areas.

Development Banks

Financial establishments that give semi-permanent credit so as to support capital-intensive investments meet an extended amount and yielding low rates of come back with respectable social advantages are referred to as Development Banks. The industry of a rustic has the potential to heavily influence the event of a country’s economy. it’s additionally instrumental within the development of rural and community regions of a rustic because it provides capital for little businesses and helps them to grow their business. The organized economic system includes industrial Banks, Regional Rural Banks (RRBs), Urban Co-operative Banks (UCBs), Primary Agricultural Credit Societies (PACS) etc. caters to the money service demand of the individuals. The initiatives taken by the reserve bank and also the Government of India so as to market money inclusion have significantly improved the access to the formal financial establishments. Thus, the industry of a rustic is extremely important not just for economic process however additionally for promoting economic equality.

CSGL Account

CSGL Account stands for Constituent Subsidiary ledger Account. Sure, SGL holders like corporates, PF trusts, people, establishments, state governments, NRI, OCBS, FIIs, – registered with SEBI/RBI will open a CSGL account however not an SGL account. It is a second SGL account at a PDO so they’ll act as a guardian on behalf of their constituents for holding T-Bills, and G-secs in demat kind. SGL account denotes Subsidiary ledger that is maintained with depository financial institution of Asian nation for holding Government Securities and T-Bills in paperless kind. this is often clearly done to facilitate Delivery v/s Payment (DvP) trades. In simple words, a constituent SGL account is an account held by an intermediary at Reserve Bank of India (RBI) on behalf of its constituents who have empowered the said intermediary to carry out various transactions on their behalf. In this account only constituent transactions can take place and under no circumstances the intermediary will use this account for proprietary transactions.

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