1. Summary
  2. Dividend Policy
  3. Residual Dividend Policy
  4. Advantages of Dividend policy
  5. Residual Dividend Policy vs. Alternative Dividend Policies
  6. Best Dividend Policy


Dividend policies are one of the vital choices that a corporation takes. Many factors affect the company’s pay-out policy, which incorporates varied varieties of dividend models and repurchasing shares. Firms frame dividend policies as per their needs. Shares repurchases have become additional relevant and customary in recent times.

Dividend Policy

The dividend policy of a corporation is the strategy that the corporate follows to decide on the number of dividends and also the temporal arrangement of the payments. There are varied factors that frame the dividend policy of the corporate. Accessibility of higher investment opportunities, calculable volatility of future earnings, tax issues, money flexibility, flotation prices, and varied alternative legal restrictions and factors that affect a company’s dividend policy

Residual Dividend Policy

Under the residual dividend policy, the corporate pays the dividends from the funds left once the finances for the capital expenditures of the present amount are subtracted from the internally generated funds of the corporate. This policy considers the company’s investment chance schedule, target capital structure, and also the value of capital raised outwardly.

The following steps confirm the implementation of the payout ratio:

  1. Establish the optimum capital budget.
  2. Confirm the equity needed to finance the known capital budget below a given capital structure.
  3. Use maintained earnings to the utmost extent attainable to fulfill the necessities of equity.
  4. Pay dividends from the residual earnings obtainable once the necessities of the optimum capital budget are met.

Advantages of Dividend policy

  • This model is extremely easy to use. The corporate utilizes the funds for profitability comes then distributes the remaining to the shareholders.
  • The management is unengaged to pursue profitable opportunities without fear concerning dividend constraints.

However, there are several disadvantages as well:

  • The dividend payments are extremely volatile as they fluctuate with the obtainable investment opportunities.
  • The investors could demand the next rate of come on their equity thanks to the anomaly concerning future dividends. It should additionally end in a lower valuation.

Residual Dividend Policy vs. Alternative Dividend Policies

The residual dividend strategy is simply one approach firms will use once shaping dividend policy. There are 3 choices for paying dividends:

  • Stable dividend policy
  • Constant dividend policy
  • Hybrid dividend policy

With a stable dividend policy, shareholders in a company are paid dividends daily in line with the pay-out schedule. The quantity of the dividend isn’t mounted and may increase or decrease from one payment amount to ensuing. However, the payments are continuous and bonded. With a residual dividend policy, receipt of dividends relies on there is one thing left for the corporate to pay once expenses are lined.

A constant dividend policy involves paying out a proportion of earnings as dividends annually. What this suggests for investors is that a bigger dividend is also forthcoming in years once earnings are higher. Conversely, dividends could shrink or disappear altogether in years once earnings are lower. This sort of dividend strategy is also higher suited to investors who are lighter with risk.

A hybrid dividend policy combines options of the stable and residual approaches. Thus there can be a daily dividend payment that investors will judge and also the chance of a second residual dividend payment, tho’ it’s not invariably bonded. This sort of dividend policy is a smaller amount common, tho’ you will see alternate firms provide them.

Best Dividend Policy

The best dividend policy is the one that permits you to gather dividends in a manner that aligns together with your investment goals. If you finance for a long and you’re fascinated by generating consistent financial gain from dividends, then a stable payout policy may match best. Stable dividend policies are the best for firms to implement and are the foremost unremarkably used strategy for paying dividends.

If you’re additional tolerant of risk, a relentless dividend policy may probably end in higher dividend pay-outs. There is, of course, the chance that you just wouldn’t see any dividends in the slightest in sure years. If the market were to expertise extended worsening, for instance, that would wipe out dividends briefly.

The residual dividend model can be engaging if you wish to take a position in firms that are unit centered on increasing gain long. Since the corporate is a smaller amount possible to show debt to fund operations and covers expenses before paying dividends, which will increase its money stability over time.