1. Summary
  2. Activity cost Driver
  3. Working process of Activity cost Drivers
    1. Cost Allocation
    1. Distribution of Overhead prices
    1. The Subjective of cost Drivers


An activity cost driver refers to actions that cause variable prices to extend or decrease for a business. Therefore, characteristics of what product/service is inflicting specific prices will facilitate the business to become additionally profitable by a higher understanding of the precise activities that are driving the prices.

Activity cost drivers embody things like labour hours, machine hours, and client contacts. They’re employed in activity-based cost accounting (ABC), a phase of social control accounting. Activity-based cost accounting (ABC) could be a cost accounting technique wherever indirect prices are assigned to products and services. It’s done by viewing that product demand specific prices. As an example, under ABC, a producing company could conceive to assign rent expense to every product supported by the quantity of area the machines that are used to provide that specific product uses. Improperly allocating the prices may end up in poor decision-making.

Activity cost Driver

An activity cost driver is an action that triggers higher or lower variable prices for a business. Typically stated as a determiner, it’s related to the social control accounting construct of activity-based cost accounting (ABC). Keeping tabs on activity cost drivers is very important because it will facilitate boost potency and company profits.

  • An activity cost driver is an action that triggers higher or lower variable prices for a business.
  • Activity cost drivers provide an additional correct determination of the verity cost of commercial activity by considering the indirect expenses.
  • Keeping tabs on these unsteady prices will facilitate boost potency and company profits.
  • Activity cost drivers are employed in activity-based accounting (ABC).

Working process of Activity Cost Drivers

A cost driver affects the cost of specific business activities. In ABC, an activity cost driver influences the prices of labour, maintenance, or different variable prices. Cost drivers are essential in basic principle, a branch of social control accounting that allocates the indirect prices, or overheads, of an activity.

There could also be multiple cost drivers related to an activity. As example, direct labor hours are a driver of most activities in product production. If the expenditure for labor is high, this may increase the cost of manufacturing all company products or services. If the cost of the deposit is high, this may additionally increase the expenses incurred for product producing or providing services.

More technical cost drivers are machine hours, the quantity of engineering amendment orders, the quantity of client contacts, the quantity of product returns, the machine setups needed for production, or the quantity of inspections. If a business owner will establish the cost drivers, the business owner will additionally accurately estimate the verity cost of production for the business.

Cost Allocation

When a manufactory machine needs periodic maintenance, the cost of the upkeep is allotted to the product created by the machine. As an example, the cost driver elite is machinery hours. When each 1,000 machine hours, there’s a maintenance expense of $500. Therefore, each machine hour leads to a 50-cent (500 / 1,000) maintenance cost allotted to the merchandise being factory-made supported by the cost driver of machine hours.

Distribution of Overhead prices

Using cost drivers simplifies the allocation of producing overhead. The right allocation of producing overhead is very important to work out the verity cost of a product. Internal management uses the cost of a product to work out the costs of the product they turn out. For this reason, the choice of correct cost drivers features a direct impact on the profitableness and operations of an entity.

The Subjective of cost Drivers

Management selects cost drivers because of the basis for producing overhead allocation. There are not any business standards stipulating or mandating cost driver choice. Company management selects cost drivers supported by the variables of the expenses incurred throughout production.

Activity-based cost accounting (ABC) could be a technique of assigning overhead and indirect costs such as salaries and utilities to products and services. Doing this helps to induce a more robust grasp on prices, permitting firms to create an additional applicable evaluation strategy and churn out higher profits. Examining activity cost drivers helps firms to cut back spare expenses and obtain to grips with what proportion an order extreme prices. The importance of accessing this data shouldn’t be unostentatious. The last word goal is to maximize profits; a key thanks to accomplishing this is often by being tuned in to all expenses and keeping them under control.