1. Global Depositary Receipt
  2. Trading GDRs
  3. Advantages and Disadvantages of GDRs
  4. GDRs vs. ADRs 

Global Depositary Receipt

Global depositary Receipt is a negotiable instrument issued by a bank. The instrument represents shares in a foreign company traded on an original stock exchange. GDRs give companies pierce to lesser capital and investors the occasion to invest in the equity of foreign companies.  

Trading GDRs

International companies issue GDRs to attract capital from foreign investors. GDRs trade on the investors’ original exchanges while offering exposure to a transnational business. A custodian/ depositary bank has possession of the GDRs underpinning shares while trades take place in a position of protection and easing participation for all involved.  The factual purchase of the means is multi-staged, involving a broker in the investor’s country, a broker located within the request of the transnational company, a depositary bank representing the buyer, and a custodian bank.

Brokers can also vend GDRs on an investor’s behalf. Dealers dealing in GDRs frequently compare them, for illustration, the U.S. bone price of the GDR with the U.S. bone original price of the shares trading on the transnational company’s domestic exchange. They’ll generally buy the less precious security and vend the other. ultimately, this arbitrage trading exertion causes the beginning shares and the GDRs to reach equality.

Advantages and Disadvantages of GDRs


  • GDRs help transnational companies reach a broader, more different followership of implicit investors. 
  • They can potentially increase share liquidity. 
  • Companies can conduct effective and cost-effective private immolation.
  • Shares listed on major global exchanges can increase the status or legality of an else unknown foreign company. 
  • For investors, GDRs give the occasion to diversify portfolios internationally. 
  • GDRs are more accessible and less precious than opening foreign brokerage accounts and copping stocks in foreign requests. 
  • Investors do not have to pay cross-border guardianship or keeping charges.
  • GDRs trade, clear, and settle according to the investor’s domestic process and procedures. 
  • U.S. holders of GDRs realize any tips and capital earnings in U.S. Dollars


  • GDRs may have significant executive freights.
  • tip payments are net of currency conversion charges and foreign levies. 
  • The depositary bank automatically withholds the quantum necessary to cover charges and foreign levies. 
  • •U.S. investors may need to seek credit from the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) or a refund from the foreign government’s exacting authority to avoid double taxation on capital earnings realized.
  • GDRs have the eventuality to have low liquidity, making them delicate to vend.
  • In addition to liquidity threats, they can have currency threats and political threats.
  • This means that the value of GDR could change according to factual events in the foreign county, similar to the recession, fiscal collapse, or political bouleversement. 

GDRs vs. ADRs 

Global Depositary Receipt 

Global depositary Receipt allow a company to list its shares in further than one country outside of its home country. For illustration, a Chinese company could produce a GDR program that issues its shares through a depositary bank conciliator into the London request and the United States request. Each allocation must misbehave with all applicable laws in both the home country and foreign requests collectively. 
American Depositary Receipt

On the other hand, American depositary Receipt, which also represents shares of a transnational company, lists only on U.S. stock exchanges. To offer ADRs, a U.S. bank will buy shares on a foreign exchange. The depositary bank will hold the beginning shares and issue an ADR for domestic trading. 

Sponsored ADRs

A bank issues a patronized ADR on behalf of a foreign company. The bank and the business enter into a legal arrangement. The costs of issuing an ADR is usually paid by foreign company and the bank, handles the deals with investors thus retains control over it.  Sponsored ADRs are distributed by the degree to the foreign company that complies with SEC regulations and American account procedures. 

Unsponsored ADRs

A bank may also issue an unsponsored ADR. This instrument represents no direct involvement, participation, or indeed authorization from the foreign company. Theoretically, there could be several unsponsored ADRs for the same foreign company, issued by different U.S. banks. These different ADRs could also offer varying tips.