1. Summary
  2. Understanding Devaluation
  3. Downside of Devaluation
  4. Reasons and objectives of currency devaluation
  5. Impact of currency devaluation and depreciation


Devaluation is the deliberate downward adjustment of the worth of a country’s cash relative to a different currency, cluster of currencies, or currency normal. Countries that have a hard and fast rate or semi-fixed rate use this financial policy tool. It usually confused with depreciation and is the opposite of assessment, which refers to the readjustment of a currency’s rate. Let’s see regarding the Devaluation of the Indian economy below

Understanding Devaluation

The government of a rustic could arrange to devalue its currency not like depreciation, it’s not the result of nongovernmental activities. One reason a rustic could devalue its currency is to combat a trade imbalance. If imports are dearer, domestic shoppers are less probably to get them, and strengthening domestic businesses. As a result of exports increase and imports decrease, there’s usually a more robust balance of payments as a result of the deficit shrinks. In short, a rustic that devalues its currency will cut back its deficit as a result, there’s larger demand for cheaper exports.

Downside of Devaluation

While devaluing a currency is also a beautiful choice, it will have negative consequences. Increasing the value of imports protects domestic industries, however, they will recede economically while not under the pressure of competition.

Higher exports relative to imports may increase combination demand, which might cause higher gross domestic product (GDP) and inflation. Inflation will occur as a result of imports becoming dearer. Combination demand causes inflation, and makers could have less incentive to chop prices as a result of exports being cheaper, increasing the price of products and services over time.

Reasons and objectives of Currency Devaluation

  • To increase Exports: Countries select currency devaluation to spice up their exports within the international market. Devaluation of currency makes its merchandise cheaper compared to its international competitors. As an example, recently China degraded its currency to create its merchandise more cost-effective within the international market. This was aimed to create its merchandise additional competitive within the world market and to extend its overall exports. This may conjointly increase the economic process rate of the country because of higher exports and a rise within the combination demand and also the economy.
  • Competitive devaluation (race to the bottom): If one country devalues its currency alternative countries are incentivized to devalue their currency to keep up their aggressiveness and also the international export market. This case will cause tit for tat currency wars that is additionally called the “race to the bottom”. Competitive devaluation will cause a rise in uncurbed inflation.
  • To cut back trade deficits: Currency devaluation makes a countries exports cheaper, whereas imports become dearer. This results in a rise in exports and a reduction in imports. This case favours the improved balance of payment and reduces trade deficits. Countries facing consistent trade deficits select currency devaluation to correct their balance of payment and reduce their deficits. However, devaluation of currency conjointly will increase the debt burden of foreign-denominated external loans.
  • To cut back the sovereign debt burden: Countries could want currency devaluation and weak currency policy to cut back the govt. issued sovereign debt burden. If the debt payments are fastened, devaluation of currency can create the domestic currency weaker and can ultimately create the payments more cost-effective over time. As an example, if a country’s domestic currency is degraded to eightieth of its initial price, $10 million debt payments are reduced to figure solely $8 million currently. However, this policy fails if the country holds an outsized quantity of foreign external loans as they’ll become comparatively additional expensive.

Impact of Currency Devaluation and Depreciation

  • Impact on the property: The impact of devaluation and depreciation on the worth of a property is comparable. The worth of the domestic property for the country’s voters doesn’t amendment a lot of. However, the present foreign investors could lose cash because the price of existing property therein country would be currently lesser in foreign currency.
  • Impact on foreign investment: The foreign investors could get interested in investing in domestic assets like housing market etc as a result of depreciation and devaluation create it cheaper for foreigners to shop for the native property. However, too frequent devaluations of currency within the fastened rate regimes will negatively impact foreign investment because of speculations regarding the economic instability of the domestic economy.
  • Impact on exports and imports: In each devaluation and depreciation, the impact on exports and imports is comparable. Exports become cheaper within the international market that will increase its demands. Imports become expensive and also the overall imports cut back.
  • Aggregate demand: Devaluation and depreciation would increase the consumption of domestic merchandise at the price of foreign merchandise resulting in a rise in the economic process rate.
  • Inflation: Depreciation and devaluation of currency will have the same impact on the rate of inflation. An increase in the price of imports will cause cost-push inflation, whereas a rise within the domestic demand will cause inflation.
  • Fall within the real wages: Depreciation and devaluation-induced inflation will cause a fall within the real wages if the nominal wages don’t seem to be exaggerated in response to the rise within the rate of inflation.
  • Impact on the rate and also the accounting balance of payments: Depreciation and devaluation improve within the accounting balance of payments because of a relative increase in exports about imports.
  • Long term impacts of devaluation and depreciation dissent: The depreciation of the domestic currency during a floating rate regime, will increase its exports, boost disbursal, and may create the economy look higher for foreign investors. This may increase the flow of foreign investment which might wipe out a number of the results of depreciation. However, this can be impossible during a fastened rate economy as solely the govt. or financial institution amendment the exchange rates.