1. Summary
  2. Shares Outstanding
  3. Understanding Shares Outstanding
  4. Number of Outstanding Shares


Shares outstanding are the stock that’s commanded by a company’s shareholders on the open market. in conjunction with individual shareholders, this includes restricted shares that are commanded by a company’s officers and institutional investors. On an organization record, they’re indicated as capital stock.

Shares Outstanding

Shares outstanding discuss with a company’s stock presently commanded by all its shareholders, as well as share blocks commanded by institutional investors and restricted shares in hand by the company’s officers and insiders. Outstanding shares are shown on a company’s record underneath the heading “Capital Stock.”

The number of outstanding shares is employed in scheming key metrics like a company’s capitalization, in addition to its earnings per share (EPS) and Cash flow per share (CFPS). A company’s variety of outstanding shares isn’t static and will fluctuate wildly over time.

  • Shares outstanding discuss with a company’s stock presently commanded by all its shareholders.
  • These embrace share blocks commanded by institutional investors and restricted shares in hand by the company’s officers and insiders.
  • A company’s variety of shares outstanding isn’t static and will fluctuate wildly over time.

Understanding Shares Outstanding

Any stock that are command by or sold to a corporation’s shareholders, exclusive of reacquired stock that is commanded by the corporate itself, is referred to as outstanding shares. In different words, the quantity of shares outstanding represents the quantity of stock on the open market, as well as shares commanded by institutional investors and restricted shares commanded by insiders and company officers.

A company’s outstanding shares will fluctuate for a variety of reasons. the quantity can increase if the corporate problems further shares. firms generally issue shares once they raise capital through AN equity funding, or upon physical exertion worker stock choices (ESO) or different monetary instruments. Outstanding shares can decrease if the corporation buys back its shares through a share repurchase program.

Number of Outstanding Shares

In addition to listing outstanding shares or capital stock, on the company’s record, publically listed firms are beholden to report the quantity of issued and outstanding shares and usually package this info at intervals in the capitalist relations sections of their websites, or on native securities market websites. within the US, the figures for outstanding shares are accessible from the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) quarterly filings.

Stock Splits and Share Consolidation

The number of shares outstanding can increase if an organization undertakes a split up, or can cut back if it undertakes a reverse split up. Stock splits are typically undertaken to bring the share worth of an organization within the shopping for vary of retail investors; the rise within the variety of outstanding shares conjointly improves liquidity. Conversely, an organization can typically start up a reverse stock split or share consolidation to bring its share worth into the minimum vary necessary to satisfy exchange listing needs. whereas the lower variety of outstanding shares might hamper liquidity, it might conjointly deter short sellers since it’ll be harder to borrow shares for brief sales.

Blue Chip Stocks

For a blue-chip stock, the increased variety of shares outstanding because of share splits over several decades’ accounts for the steady increase in its capitalization and concomitant growth in capitalist portfolios. Of course, simply increasing the number of outstanding shares isn’t any guarantee of success; the corporate must deliver consistent earnings growth in addition.

Share Repurchase Programs

Sometimes, if an organization considers its stock to be undervalued, it’ll institute a repurchase program, shopping for back shares of its stock. In a trial to extend the value of remaining shares and elevate overall earnings per share, the corporate might cut back the number of shares outstanding by repurchasing, or shopping for back those shares, so taking them off the open market.

The purpose of the repurchase may be to eliminate the stockholder dilution which will occur from future worker options or equity grants. firms with giant money reserves on their balance sheets can also be able to repurchase stock a lot of sharply, so decreasing the number of shares outstanding increases its earnings per share by victimization its existing money.

Weighted Average of Outstanding Shares

Since the number of outstanding shares is incorporated into key calculations of monetary metrics like earnings per share and since this number is thus subject to variation over time, the weighted average of outstanding shares is usually utilized in its part in sure formulae.