1. Trading floor
  2. Understanding Trading floors 
  3. NYSE Trading Floor 
  4. Trading floors and the Open Outcry Method 
  5. The Death of the Trading floor

Trading floor

A trading floor refers to a physical area wherein trading conditioning in fiscal instruments, similar to equities, fixed income, futures, and options, takes place. Trading floors are positioned in the structures of colourful exchanges, similar to the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) and the Chicago Board of Trade (CBOT). Trading floors may also live as the center of trading exertion within a fiscal establishment similar to an investment bank or barricade fund. 

  • A trading floor is a physical position where securities trading and affiliated conditioning take place. 
  • Trading floors may be located at spots of securities exchanges (e.g., the NYSE) or as centers of trading exertion within fiscal enterprises’ services. 
  • Open-roar was the primary trading system used on trading floors before the rise of electronic trading. 
  • Moment trading floors still live but are limited in their compass and capacity as they’ve been replaced by defenses and algorithmic trading. 

Understanding Trading floors 

The trading floor is composed of recesses on an exchange. This is because the trading floor was kindly indirect with way adjourned into the floor, where dealers had to step into the arena to conduct their deals. Factor in the excited, frenzied nature that accompanies this type of exertion, and one can see that the moniker is relatively descriptive.  numerous different types of dealers could be set up on trading floors. The most common are the floor brokers, who are assigned to trading on behalf of guests. Other types of dealers include wall, scalpers, spreaders, and position dealers.

Brokerages, investment banks, and other enterprises involved in trading conditioning can also have their trading floors. In these cases, the trading floor refers to the physical office position that houses the trading division, which can complete deals over the internet or telephone. 

NYSE Trading Floor 

The NYSE trading floor is located at 11 Wall Street in New York City and has been in its current position since 1865. The exchange installed telephones in 1878, which handed investors direct access to dealers on the NYSE trading floor. moment, utmost of the deals that take place on the trading floor are automated and executed in lower than an alternate. A bell is peeled on the trading floor to gesture the opening and end of each day’s trading.  In a period where trading floors are getting a relic of history, the NYSE blazoned in 2017 that it would allow all U.S. stocks and exchange-traded finances to trade on its trading floor, adding the number of securities that could be traded on the trading floor from roughly 3,500 to about This expansion was completed in the first half of 2018.

Trading floors and the Open Outcry Method 

The open roar was the primary trading system used on trading floors before the rise of electronic trading. The system uses verbal and hand signal dispatches to convey information, similar to a stock’s name, the volume the broker wants to trade, and the asked price.

For illustration, a broker might raise their hand if they wish to increase their shot. Trades executed using the open roar system form a contract between individualities on the trading floor and the brokerages and investors they represent.  In 2017, the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) has given a blessing for BOX Options Exchange (BOX), also grounded in Chicago, to conduct open roar dealing on their trading floor, a palm for this trading system. CBOE Global Markets (CBOE) uses both an electronic and a traditional open cry trading floor and is expanding its Chicago position in medial-2022.

The Death of the Trading floor

While trading floors are classic securities trading, they’ve been largely replaced by computer defenses, electronic requests, and algorithmic trading. Instinet was the first major electronic volition to the trading floor, arriving in 1967. With Instinet, guests (institutions only) could bypass the trading floors and deal with each other on a non-public basis. Instinet was a slow farmer, not taking off until the 1980s, but has come a significant player alongside the likes of Bloomberg and Archipelago (acquired by the NYSE in 2006). Nasdaq started in 1971, but did not begin as an electronic trading system; it was principally just an automated citation system that allowed broker-dealers to see the prices other enterprises were offering (and trades were also handled over the phone). ultimately, Nasdaq added other features like automated trading systems. In the wake of the 1987 crash, when some request makers refused to pick up their phones, the Small Order prosecution System was launched, allowing electronic order entry.