1. Summary
  2. Derivatives
  3. Types of over-the-counter Derivatives
  4. Types of Risks Managed by over-the-counter Derivatives
  5. Advantages Of over-the-counter Derivatives
  6. Disadvantages Of over-the-counter Derivatives


To have experience in finance and creating profits, you wish to be well-versed with all mercantilism terminologies. Among varied investment instruments which will permit you to earn hefty returns, Over-the-Counter or over-the-counter derivatives are one in every one of them. If you’re unaware of such an investment, this weblog can shed light-weight on What are over-the-counter Derivatives. However, before you progress on to find out about over-the-counter derivatives, you wish to find out about derivatives mercantilism.


Derivatives are forms of securities wherever the costs are determined by the worth of their intrinsic or underlying quality. These assets can be stocks, bonds, commodities, etc. Some common forms of spinoff mercantilism embrace derivative securities like forwards, futures, choices, and swaps.

Derivatives mercantilism will defend against the risks related to the value movements of the underlying assets. The traders handling derivatives securities are referred to as hedgers or speculators. alongside hedging against value movements, derivatives mercantilism may permit mercantilism companies to barter higher terms of trade. At times, fund managers use derivatives mercantilism to manage their investment portfolios’ targeted quality allocation.

Derivatives are listed in 2 forms of markets: in a very central mercantilism exchange like the National stock market (NSE), Bombay stock market, and Multi commodities market of Asian country Ltd (MCX) or via a stock market. The derivatives listed through centralized stock exchanges are referred to as Exchange listed Derivatives (ETDs). In distinction, those listed between 2 or additional completely different parties while not the involvement of stock exchanges or the other formal intermediator are referred to as over-the-counter derivatives.

Types of over-the-counter Derivatives

Over-the-counter mercantilism may be of the subsequent varieties supported by the below-listed underlying assets:

1.Internal rate Derivatives:

Here, the underlying quality may be a normal rate. Swaps, which involve an exchange of money flows over an amount of your time, are an example of rate over-the-counter spinoff mercantilism.

2. Commodity Derivatives:

Commodity derivatives have underlying assets that are physical commodities like gold, food grains, etc. Forward contracts are an example of over-the-counter mercantilism in commodity derivatives.

3. Equity Derivatives:

In equity derivatives, the underlying assets are equities. choices ANd Futures are an example of over-the-counter mercantilism in equity derivatives.

4. Forex Derivatives:

In forex derivatives, the underlying assets are changes in exchange rates.

5. Fixed Income Derivatives:

Here, the underlying assets are mounted financial gain securities.

6. Credit Derivatives:

Here, one party transfers the credit risk to a different one with no underlying quality exchange. Credit derivatives will either be funded or unfunded. Credit Default Swaps (CDS) and Credit coupled Notes (CLNs) are samples of over-the-counter mercantilism in credit derivatives.

Types of Risks Managed by over-the-counter Derivatives

Over-the-counter market change derivatives will provide hedging against 3 forms of risks:

1. Interest rate Risk:

Here, a rate swap between the mercantilism parties permits the rate to be mounted, and switch from a floating rate.

2. Currency Risk:

The charge per unit is mounted or fast victimization over-the-counter derivatives, so permitting the mercantilism parties to hedge against currency rate fluctuations. Import and export firms will take pleasure in the victimization of over-the-counter currency derivatives.

3. Commodity Price Risk:

Here, the mercantilism parties lock the longer-term price of an commodity.

Advantages Of over-the-counter Derivatives

The benefits of over-the-counter mercantilism include:

  • It permits tiny firms to interact in trade while not being listed on stock exchanges. These firms may stand to learn from lesser money and body prices compared to firms listed on stock exchanges.
  • It may be used for hedging, transferring mercantilism risks, and as leverage for business operations.
  • It will provide accrued flexibility because the firms don’t need to abide by the standardized norms vis-a-vis exchange-traded derivatives.
  • It will permit firms to supply stable costs to their customers.

Disadvantages Of over-the-counter Derivatives

Over-the-counter mercantilism has some disadvantages in addition. Here’s a look:

  • Any over-the-counter contract runs the associated risk of credit or default as there’s no central mechanism to clear and settle the transactions.
  • Any over-the-counter contract is fraught with inherent and general risks in the absence of standardized laws and norms.
  • OTC contracts are inherently speculative, so having the likelihood of making market integrity problems and forcing traders to create losses.