1. Summary
  2. Understanding Credit Rating
  3. Credit Rating vs. Credit Scores 
  4. History of Credit Rating
  5. Fitch Rating
  6. Moody’s Investors Service


  • A credit standing is a quantified assessment of the creditworthiness of a borrower in general terms or concerning a fiscal obligation. 
  • Credit Rating determines whether a borrower is approved for credit as well as the interest rate at which it’ll be repaid. 
  • A credit standing or score is assigned to any reality that wants to adopt a plutocrat — an individual, a pot, a state or parochial authority, or an autonomous government. 
  • Credit for individual consumers is rated on a numeric scale grounded on the FICO computation by credit divisions.
  • Bonds issued by businesses and governments are rated by credit agencies on a letter-grounded system ranging from AAA to D.   

Understanding Credit Rating

  • A loan is a debt — basically a pledge, frequently contractual. A credit standing determines the liability that the borrower will be willing and suitable to pay back a loan within the confines of the agreement without defaulting. 
  • A high credit standing indicates that a borrower is likely to repay the loan in its wholeness without any issues, while a poor credit standing suggests that the borrower might struggle to make their payments. Just as an individual credit score is used to estimate the creditworthiness of a single person, businesses also use credit Rating to demonstrate their creditworthiness to prospective lenders. 

Credit Rating vs. Credit Scores 

  • Credit Rating applies to businesses and governments as well as individualities. For illustration, autonomous credit Rating applies to public governments while commercial credit Rating applies solely to pots. Credit scores, on the other hand, apply only to individualities.
  • Credit scores are deduced from the credit history maintained by credit-reporting agencies similar to Equifax, Experian, and TransUnion. An existent’s credit score is reported as a number, generally ranging from 300 to 850.
  • A short-term credit standing reflects the liability that a borrower will overpass within the time. This type of credit standing has come to the norm in recent times, whereas in history, long-term credit Ratings were more heavily considered. Long-term credit Rating prognosticates the borrower’s liability of defaulting at any given time in the extended future.
  • Credit standing agencies generally assign letter grades to indicate Rating. S&P Global, for case, has a credit standing scale ranging from AAA (excellent) to C and D. A debt instrument with a standing below BB is considered to be an academic-grade or junk bond, which means it’s more likely to overpass on loans.

History of Credit Rating

Moody issued intimately available credit Ratings for bonds in 1909, and other agencies followed suit in the decades after. These Ratings didn’t have a profound effect on the request until 1936 when a new rule was passed that banned banks from investing in academic bonds — that is, bonds with low credit Ratings.  The end was to avoid the threat of dereliction, which could lead to fiscal losses. This practice was snappily espoused by other companies and fiscal institutions. Soon enough, counting on credit Rating came the norm.  The global credit standing assiduity is largely concentrated, with three agencies controlling nearly the entire request Moody’s, S&P Global, and Fitch Rating.

Fitch Rating

John Knowles Fitch innovated the Fitch Publishing Company in 1913, furnishing fiscal statistics for use in investment assiduity via” The Fitch Stock and Bond Manual” and” The Fitch Bond Book.” In 1924, Fitch developed and introduced the AAA through the D standing system that has come as the base for Rating throughout the assiduity.

 In the late 1990s, with plans to come to a full-service global standing agency, Fitch Rating intermingled with IBCA of London, an attachment of Fimalac, S.A., a French holding company. Fitch also acquired request challengers Thomson Bank Watch and Duff & Phelps Credit RatingCo.

Early in 2004, Fitch started to develop operating accessories specializing in enterprise threat operation, data services, and finance-assiduity training with the accession of a Canadian company, Algorithmics, and the creation of Fitch results and Fitch Learning.

Moody’s Investors Service

John Moody and Company first published Moody’s primer on Artificial and eclectic Securities in 1900. The homemade published introductory statistics and general information about stocks and bonds of colourful diligence.  From 1903 until the stock request crash of 1907, Moody’s Manual was a public publication. In 1909, Moody began publishing Moody’s Analyses of Railroad Investments, which added logical information about the value of securities.  Expanding this idea led to the 1914 creation of Moody’s Investors Service, which in the following 10 times would give Ratings for nearly all of the government bond requests at the time. By the 1970s, Moody’s began rating marketable paper and bank deposits, getting the full-scale standing agency that its moment.