1. Summary
  2. Tax System in India
  3. Types of Taxes in India
  4. Importance of Taxes
  5. Conclusion


In fashionable economies taxes square measure the foremost necessary supply of governmental revenue. Taxes disagree from alternative sources of revenue, they are mandatory levies and are unrequited i.e., they’re usually not paid in exchange for a few specific issues, like a specific public service, the sale of holding, or the supplying of debt. Whereas taxes are presumptively collected for the welfare of taxpayers as a full, the individual taxpayer’s liability is freelance of any specific profit received. There are, however, necessary exceptions: payroll taxes, for instance, are normally levied on labour financial gain to finance retirement advantages, medical payments, and alternative Social Security programs—all of that are seeming to profit the remunerator. Thanks to the seemingly link between taxes paid and advantages received payroll taxes are typically known as “contributions” (as within the United States). With, the payments are normally mandatory, and also the link to advantages is usually quite weak. Another example of a tax that’s coupled to advantages received, if solely loosely, is the use of taxes on motor fuels to finance the development and maintenance of roads and highways, whose services may be enjoyed solely by intensely taxed motor fuels

Tax System in India

India features a structured legal system and also the importance of taxes is outlined by 2 attributes – progressive and proportional. It’s progressive in this the tax is levied at increasing rates to increasing brackets of financial gain and revenue. Meanwhile, it’s proportional in this the speed of tax levied is in proportion to the quantity of financial gain or revenue it’s being levied upon. Any changes in tax rates, brackets, and slabs are determined for the most part by the central and state governments and should be in the middle of a law gone by the Parliament or State general assembly.

Types of Taxes in India

From tax to custom duty, there is a range of taxes applicable to Indian voters beneath the nation’s taxation system. However, most taxes beneath the Indian taxation system may be primarily distinguished into 2 categories: direct and indirect taxes.

•            Direct Taxes: These sorts of taxes are levied directly on the non-exempt financial gain generated by people and firms. The importance of those taxes is that they’re paid on to the govt. and structure a major portion of India’s tax-generated revenue. A vital issue of note is that whereas they’re called ‘direct’ taxes, the responsibility of submitting these tax amounts rests on the taxpayers themselves. Some of the foremost necessary direct taxes are the tax, company tax, capital gains tax, capital levy, claim tax, and such.

•            Indirect Taxes: The opposite sort of taxes aren’t levied directly on a taxpayer’s financial gain but rather indirectly after they avail or purchase merchandise and services. These taxes are enclosed and paid by the buyer to the service supplier or merchandise marketer. An equivalent quantity is then paid by these parties to the govt., thus the term ‘indirect’.

One of the foremost necessary indirect taxes is the merchandise and Services Tax (GST) which has subsumed an oversized range of indirect taxes that existed before 2017. Except for GST, there’s conjointly Dividend Distribution Tax, Customs Duty, Securities group action Tax, and such.

Importance of Taxes

Now that we tend to perceive the categories of taxes within the Indian tax structure, allow us to review the importance of taxes as understood by this distinction.

Importance of Direct Taxes

Direct taxes show the importance of taxes by reducing financial gain equalities with its taxation structure. Voters are taxed in proportion to their economic circumstances, thereby encouraging social and economic equality.

Moreover, with direct taxes, taxpayers stay responsive to what quantity of tax they will be expected to pay in an exceedingly fiscal year and prepare well earlier. Direct taxes also are helpful in dominant inflation as any modification within their rates will facilitate controlling demand and provide for the economy.

Importance of Indirect Taxes

The importance of taxes for the govt. once it involves indirect taxation is that they’re automatic perform that accompany the shopping for and merchandising of products and services across the country. They’re thus simple to gather and convenient for each taxpayer and also the assembling authorities.

They conjointly facilitate broadening the country’s web of tax liabilities, gathering contributions from those sections of society that are otherwise exempted from tax.


While the importance of taxes to the country’s government cannot be exaggerated, the central government conjointly makes numerous provisions to assist voters to save financial gain taxes in Bharat. one every of the foremost effective means of saving tax in Bharat whereas safeguarding the monetary way forward for your fair-haired ones, is to avail sure insurance set up.

To that finish, contemplate availing the iSelect Smart360 Term set up from geographic region HSBC Oriental Bank of Commerce insurance. This insurance setup provides a bevy of helpful options like intensive coverage choices and add-on covers. Moreover, it conjointly helps you save tax in Bharat by availing deductions of up to Rs. 1.5 lakhs exceedingly fiscal year beneath Section 80C.