1. Understanding Treasury Notes
  2. Features & Advantages Of T-Bills
  3. Treasury Notes and Interest rate Risk
  4. Special Consideration

Treasury Note

Treasuries (T-note for short) could be a marketable U.S. government debt security with a set rate of interest and maturity between 2 and ten years.

Treasury notes area unit out there from the govt. with either a competitive or noncompetitive bid. With a competitive bid, investors specify the yield they need, at the chance that their bid might not be approved; with a noncompetitive bid, investors settle for no matter what yield is decided at auction.

  • Treasuries could be a U.S. government debt security with a set rate of interest and maturity between 2 and ten years.
  • Treasury notes are out there either via competitive bids, during which the capitalist specifies the yield, or non-competitive bids, during which the capitalist accepts no matter whether the yield is decided.
  • A Treasuries is simply sorted of a Treasuries, except that they need differing maturities—T-bond lifespans area unit twenty to thirty years.

Understanding Treasury Notes

Issued in maturities of 2, three, five, seven, and ten years, Treasury notes area unit well-liked investments, and there’s a large secondary market that adds to their liquidity.

Interest payments on the notes are created every six months till maturity. The financial gain for interest payments isn’t nonexempt on a municipal or state level however is federally taxed, the same as a Treasuries or a Treasury bill

Treasury notes, bonds, and bills area unit every type of investment in debt issued by the U.S. Treasury. The key distinction between them is their length of maturity. as an example, a Treasury bond’s maturity exceeds ten years and goes up to thirty years, creating Treasury bonds the longest-dated, sovereign invariable security.

Features & Advantages of T-Bills


  • Minimal investment required – in keeping with the tally rules, the minimum investment in Treasuries ought to be ₹10,000. If to invest>₹10,000, the investment ought to be within the multiples of the minimum quantity i.e. ₹10,000.
  • Zero-coupon securities – T-bills give no interest on the overall investments. Treasury obligations capitalist earns the capital gains instead. a person can purchase the bill at the discounted rate and earn the face price rate upon maturity.


  • No risk involved – T-bills area unit issued by tally and area unit supported by the govt. of Bharat. It’s a short-run debt instrument; so the maturity amount is a smaller amount than a year and is extremely well secured; thus no risk is concerned. Investment in Treasury bills assures the whole security of the funds. Even throughout the slump, the Central government has got to pay the whole funds to the Treasuries capitalist.
  • Effortless liquidity – T-bills area unit issued to the capitalist as a short-run investment instrument with a maturity amount of 364 days (highest for Treasury bills). throughout the time of crisis, T-bills as being the govt. security may be oversubscribed back to the secondary market that permits capitalists to convert treasury bills funds

Treasury Notes and Interest rate Risk

The longer its maturity, the upper a T-note’s exposure to the rate of interest risks. Additionally, to credit strength, a note or bond’s price is decided by its sensitivity to changes in interest rates. Most typically, a modification in rates happens at absolutely the level beneath the management of a financial institution or in the form of the yield curve.

Moreover, these invariable instruments possess differing levels of sensitivity to changes in rates, which implies that the autumn in costs happens at numerous magnitudes. This sensitivity to shifts in rates is measured by length and expressed in terms of years. Factors that area unit accustomed calculate length embody coupon, yield, gift price, final maturity, and decision options.

A good example of the absolute shift in interest rates occurred in December 2015, once the Federal Reserve (the Fed) raised the federal funds rate to a variety of twenty-five basis points higher. At that point, it had been within the vary of third to 0.25% on the other hand was modified to 0.25% to 0.50%. This increase in benchmark interest rates has had the impact of decreasing the costs of all outstanding U.S. Treasury notes and bonds.

Special Consideration

In addition to the benchmark rate of interest, parts like dynamic investors’ expectations produce shifts in the yield curve, referred to as yield curve risk. This risk is related to either a steepening or flattening of the yield curve, the results of sterilization yields among similar bonds of various maturities.

For example, within the case of a steepening curve, the unfold between short- and long interest rates widen because the long rates increase quite the short-run rates. If the short term-rates were to be beyond any of the longer-term rates, it’d produce a condition referred to as an inverted yield curve.

Thus, the worth of long notes decreases relative to short-run notes. The other happens within the case of a flattening yield curve. The unfold narrows and also the costs of short-run notes decrease relative to long notes.