1. Summary
  2. Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI)
  3. SEBI Involvement
  4. SEBI’s rules against dishonest and unfair trade practices
  5. Complaint against unfair trade practices


Just like the other market, the Indian share market is additionally susceptible to scams and frauds. Therefore to shield the interests of the numerous investors who change the exchanges daily and for the market to perform swimmingly, it’s essential to stop these practices. However, however, does one outline commerce frauds? Any change in securities that involves unfair practices to mislead investors/agents are understood as dishonest commerce.

If you intend to begin finance in equities, knowing common frauds can assist you in remaining safe.

Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI)

SEBI could be a statutory body and a market regulator that controls the exchange in India. The fundamental functions of the SEBI are to shield the interests of investors in securities and to push and regulate the exchange.  SEBI is gone by its board of members. The board consists of an MD and several other whole-time and half-time members. The chairman is nominative by the union government. The others embody 2 members from the finance ministry, one member from the banking concern of India, and 5 different members also are nominative by the Centre. The headquarters of SEBI is settled in Mumbai and therefore the regional offices are set in Ahmedabad, Kolkata, Chennai, and Delhi.

SEBI Involvement

As per SEBI’s Prohibition of dishonest and Unfair Trade Practices (PFUTP) rules passed on July seventeen, 2003, fraud is outlined as,

“Fraud includes any act, expression, omission or concealment committed whether or not in an exceedingly deceitful manner or not by an individual or by the other person together with his connivance or by his agent whereas dealing in securities to induce another person or his agent to deal in securities, whether or not or not there’s any wrongful gain or shunning of any loss”.

Some of the samples of dishonest and unfair trade practices are:

  • A tempered his monetary reports to lure investors into shopping for the stocks.
  • X bought shares earlier of basics company supported the price-sensitive info received from the worker of XYZ and later oversubscribed those shares of basics company to XYZ company for profit (front-running).

SEBI’s rules against dishonest and unfair trade practices

As per the unfair trade practices act, the below-mentioned points are unacceptable within the stock exchange and can be thought about as dishonest and unfair trade.

  • Directly or indirectly pampering in frauds with shopping for and commercialism of securities
  • Creating a faux look before the investors and giving them a false air
  • Holding securities while not an intention of transferring the possession and with a purpose of unsteady or inflating the costs
  • Paying cash or giving assets to a person to carry securities to inflate or fluctuate the costs
  • Indulging in any activity which will manipulate the worth of a selected security
  • Dealing in securities that are taken or faux

Any breach of the statements mentioned higher than by a private or an organization is going to be thought-about unlawful, leading SEBI to require appropriate actions.

Apart from the higher than, specific rules are issued by SEBI for governing intermediaries like sub-brokers, etc. as mentioned below:

  • Should not promise a worth to an individual
  • Should not supply unobjective info and create any capitalist handle securities supported that
  • Should not advertise part correct info that’s deceptive and should influence a person’s investment call
  • Should report all the transactions done on a person’s behalf
  • Should not create circular transactions which will project a faux read of commerce of securities
  • Should not trade any security earlier once they recognize a future order of an organization (front-running)
  • Should not unfold faux news

Complaint against unfair trade practices

If anyone encounters fraud or an unfair change in the Indian share market, they’ll approach SEBI to file a grievance. SEBI has created a separate online grievance cell known as ‘SEBI Complaints Redress System (SCORES) to resolve such queries quickly.


For the Indian stock exchange to flourish and maintain constant growth, preventing fraud and unfair trade practices is crucial. SEBI has taken all the steps to form it attainable by implementing varied rules and fitting a redressal cell. Anyone concerned about such dishonest and unfair trade practices is going to be answerable for penalization. If an individual witnesses any such illicit activities, they must right away file a grievance.